Civil War Relicman,
Harry Ridgeway

Winchester, Virginia USA, changed hands 70 times in the Civil War!
authentic Civil War relics, bought and sold
.
relicman.com.
Sales page updated, June 11, 2017.


Civil War artillery, Relicman sales catalog.

Sale listings page click: http://relicman.com/artillery/RelicmanSalesArtillery1.html.

All items listed are authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described.
All artillery items listed have been disarmed.
Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission.


A0057...Rifled artillery projectile, Hotchkiss design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, pattern with flame grooves, rounded nose, "case shot" lead balls packed loose without matrix or with asphalt matrix, iron separator bolt, lead band sabot, Hotchkiss brass time fuze, James 14 pounder rifle, 3.8in. Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals following the invention of Andrew Hotchkiss. The pattern consisted of three parts, a nose section containing the explosive charge, a cast iron cup fitted on the bottom, and lead band sabot cast around the middle, on firing the cup would compress the lead band sabot expanding it into the rifling. Some of these shells were "common" or standard rounds, explosive charge only, or "case shot", filled with balls. This is "case shot", with a time fuze it was designed to be used against troops by spreading large volume of fragments and balls over the open field of fighting. Lead balls were packed in sawdust only, early production, or black asphalt matrix, later production. The nose is rounded to accomodate the extra load of balls and the casting in the nose is thin to encourage breakage forward in the nose. There are two chambers in the nose, all of the powder is in the lower chamber, all of the balls are in the upper chamber, there is an iron seperator bolt in the middle, with a hole and a narrow metal channel to allow the flame to pass from the fuze to detonate the powder in the lower chamber. On detonation, the exploding powder in the base was expected to push the seperator bolt and the balls forward and out the weak top section of the nose. The nose was cast as one part, the bottom is solid, the separator bolt apparently was precast and imbedded in the core, then positioned after casting once the core was removed, it is larger than the fuze opening. Three flame grooves added so that flame from firing would pass through the sabot and ignite the fuze. Fuze employed was a Hotchkiss brass time fuze, with slots and a flange, Jones pg. 87. Hotchkiss patent date was cast, not stamped, into the base, "HOTCHKISS PATENT OCTOBER 9, 1855 / MAY 14, 1861", and is typically very weak and may have been omitted entirely as the molds wore down or were replaced.
Reference: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 179.

Projectile measures: diameter 3.7in., length 6.75in. fired sabot compressed, weight 15lbs. Lead band sabot is fired, 15 lands and grooves from James rifle are weak, sabot is distorted from firing but did not take the rifling. Hotchkiss brass time fuze intact. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the paper section of the time fuze. Recovered: Vicksburg, Mississippi.
For sale............ $450.

A0063...Rifled artillery projectile, Tennessee design, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, pattern with, rounded nose smooth sides, copper disc sabot with 3 studs in the shell and flush mounted bolt, wood time fuze, Blakeley 12 pounder rifle, 3.5in. Projectile was Confederate manufactured and was originally believed to have been developed by Mullane working with Read and others, however, updated research has not been able to confirm the existence of a man named Mullane. Period literature often refers to work as the "Tennessee" design, cup, or sabot, and is attributed to Captain Lardner Gibbon, although official recognition for his development was never granted. The sabot system utilized was a copper disc held in place by studs and secured with a center bolt, a manufacturing innovation allowing the parts made of different metals, copper and iron, to be prepared independent and assembled at the end. This sabot pattern, referred to as Type I, employed three long studs cast into the shell body fitted through the disc sabot, a short bolt secured the copper disc flush mounted. Performance of this sabot was unsatisfactory, typically the studs or the bolt would break on firing releasing or distorting the copper disc sabot. Sides are smooth. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place, Jones Fuzes pg. 2.
Reference: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 211.

Projectile measures: diameter 3.4in., length 6.5in. shell body, 7.25 overall weight 11.0lbs. Sabot is fired showing 7 lands and grooves, and is intact. Wood fuze is missing. Projectile is disarmed: open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: Fredericksburg, Virginia.
For sale............ $1,000.

A0072...Rifled artillery projectile, Parrott design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, long pattern "common" (standard), high band sawtooth brass ring sabot, Parrott percussion fuze West Point Style, Parrott 20 pounder rifle, 3.67in. Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals following the invention of Robert Parrott. The sabot system utilized was an early development of the high band sabot, this pattern with the triangular or saw-tooth shaped edge is now determined to be a prototype preceding the high band Type II Parrott sabot, it was apparently tested briefly and abandoned. All projectiles of this sabot type are "common" shell, (standard), not containing balls, and with a percussion fuze it was designed to detonate after striking enemy cannon or equipment. Fuze employed was a Parrott zinc percussion fuze, "West Point" style two part fuze, Jones pg. 79, fuze hole will have a thin milled lip. Bottom of shell usually shows a casting sprue which was rough milled.
Reference: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), not listed, sabot style shown for 30 pounder Bell pg. 283.

Projectile measures: diameter 3.66in., length 10.75in. (excluding fuze), weight 18lbs. Fired sabot intact showing 5 lands and grooves. Parrott percussion fuze is jammed inside the throat. Metal quality strong. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the side. Recovered: battlefield or test range not known, rare shell.
For sale............ $700.

A0086...Rifled artillery projectile, Read design, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, long pattern with bourrelet rings, tall copper ring sabot with notch, copper time fuze, Confederate rifle, 3.25 or 3.3 in. Projectile was Confederate manufactured during the war employing John Read's design, probably at Selma Arsenal. This pattern utilized two wide bourrelet rings, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. The nose is relatively pointed, and the width of the bourrelet rings varies considerably, presumably this is operator variance in the finishing process. The base is raised and milled to a bevel leaving a depressed ring between the base and the sabot, lathe dimple is found on the base. Read developed this copper ring sabot, it was more flexible than the earlier wrought iron sabot, sabot is tapered at the top and seated in a deep groove well inside of the iron base, flame grooves were cut into the sabot. Copper ring sabot was cast thin. Fuze employed was a Confederate copper time fuze, two spanner holes, Jones pg. 41.
Reference: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 268.

Projectile measures: diameter 3.2in., length 6.6in. (excluding fuze), weight 7.7lbs. Sabot is not fired. Copper time fuze intact. Metal quality solid. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the paper section of the time fuze. Recovered: Oconee River cache near Milledgeville, Georgia, which apparently was used as a site after the war to dispose of obsolete Civil War ordnance
For sale............$450.

A0088...Rifled artillery projectile, Read design, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, long pattern with smooth sides milled sleeve, pointed nose, thick copper ring sabot not milled and not pre-rifled, wood time fuze, Confederate 20 pounder rifle, 3.67in. Projectile was Confederate manufactured during the war. Read developed this copper sabot, it was more flexible than the earlier wrought iron sabot. A smooth sided long shell was produced by both sides, this Confederate version is distinguished by a lathe dimple in the base, a casting sprue on the nose, and the smooth sides were finished by turning on a lathe. The shell was lathe turned, a slightly deeper cut was made at the top and the bottom leaving the impression of a "sleeve" the depth and dimension will vary considerably and is likely the result of operator variation in the finishing process. Copper ring sabot is tapered at the top and seated in a deep groove well inside of the iron base, ring was cast thick, this model was not milled and not pre-rifled. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place.
Reference: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 284

Projectile measures: diameter 3.63in., length 10.25in., weight 16lbs. Sabot is fired and spread to a larger diameter during firing but was too thick to take the rifling. Wood time fuze is partial. Metal is solid. Projectile is disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: Grand Gulf, Mississippi
For sale............ ....$500.

A0091...Rifled artillery projectile, Read design, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, long pattern with smooth sides, blunt nose, wrought iron sabot pre-cast rifling, copper time fuze, Confederate 20 pounder rifle, 3.67in. Projectile was Confederate manufactured following the prewar invention of Robert Parrott and John Read working together. The sabot system utilized was a wrought iron ring, the Confederate version developed by Read is generally thinner than the Federal pattern. Both sides produced a smooth sided long shell, this Confederate version is distinguished by a lathe dimple in the base, a casting sprue on the nose, and the smooth sides were finished by turning on a lathe, nose on this pattern is bluntly rounded. Although the wrought iron sabot was cast much thinner than the Federal counterpart, it still did not take the rifling satisfactorily, five lands and grooves were precast into this sabot. Fuze employed was a Confederate copper time fuze, two spanner holes, Jones pg. 41. Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., length 9.5in. (excluding fuze), weight 16.6lbs. Sabot is intact with five pre-rifled lands and grooves, intended for firing from a Parrott type rifle. Copper time fuze intact. Metal quality is solid.
Reference: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 281.

Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the paper section of the time fuze. Recovered: Petersburg Virginia, Oct 8 1966, by Mac Mason, this shell was photographed in Mason book pg. 115 upper right. Unfortunately Mr. Masons famous artwork was lost when shell was restored.
For sale............ ....$700.

A0113...Rifled artillery projectile, Dahlgren design, Federal manufacture, blind shell with brass cap, lead cup sabot, rifled boat howitzer, 3.4 in. Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals following the design of John Dahlgren. The pattern employed a lead cup sabot with a groove in the middle on which greased twine was affixed, this to lubricate. The bottom of the projectile was cast with five ribs onto which the lead cup sabot was affixed. In addition four raised ribs were placed on the side, which were slightly wider than the rifling grooves in the cannon and designed to guide the projectile through the bore, but without catching on the grooves. These projectiles were cast with a cavity, the casting sand was usually left in the core, unfinished hole was plugged with a small brass plug, giving it the effect of a light bolt. This was probably intended as a transitional measure to test the pattern, the shell could be drilled and fitted for fuzes at a later time. These "blind shells" never had an explosive charge, the black substance sometimes found inside is foundry sand from the mold for the core.
Reference: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 385.

Projectile measures: diameter 3.42in., length 7.5in. (excluding fuze), weight 11.2lbs. Sabot is fired and intact showing light rifling. Metal is solid. Projectile is disarmed: this casting does have a cavity but none were filled with a bursting charge. Recovered: Hilton Head Island, South Carolina.
For sale............$1,000.....Sale pending.

A0114...Rifled artillery projectile, Dahlgren design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, threaded for a fuze, lead cup sabot, rifled boat howitzer, 3.4 in. Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals following the design of John Dahlgren. The pattern employed a lead cup sabot with a groove in the middle on which greased twine was affixed, this to lubricate. The bottom of the projectile was cast with five ribs onto which the lead cup sabot was affixed. In addition four raised ribs were placed on the side, which were slightly wider than the rifling grooves in the cannon and designed to guide the projectile through the bore, but without catching on the grooves. These projectiles were cast with a cavity, this pattern was drilled drilled and fitted for fuze, however none have been recovered with a fuze.
Reference: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 386.

Projectile measures: diameter 3.42in., length 7.25in. (excluding fuze), weight 11.4lbs. Sabot is not fired and intact. Threaded fuze not installed. Metal is solid, minor areas of pitting. Projectile is disarmed: open fuze hole exposes empty interior. solid iron casting never had a cavity or bursting charge. Recovered: surplus stocks.
For sale............$1,000...Sale pending.

A0119...Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, short pattern with rounded grooved base, paper sleeve sabot, Schenkl percussion fuze, Dahlgren 30 pounder rifle, 4.4 in. Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of John P. Schenkl. The sabot system consisted of a "forcing cone" paper sleeve, which was intended to expand into the rifling, then flutter away on release. Problems with the paper absorbing moisture or swelling and blocking passage of the flame on firing rendered it impractical with time fuzes and so it saw limited application. This pattern with grooves in a rounded tail, was intended for Navy use with the Dahlgren 30 pounder rifle. This early pattern was apparently field tested at Port Hudson, then rejected. It is a "common" or standard round and will not be filled with balls, and with a percussion fuze it was designed to detonate after striking enemy cannon or equipment. Fuze employed was the Schenkl Navy percussion fuze, removable cap had a slider and percussion cap, head is 1.4in, 12 threads per inch, marked: "JP SCHENKL / PAT OCT 16 1861", Jones pg. 102, top of fuze hole is milled flat.
Reference: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 364.

Projectile measures: diameter 4.38in., length 9.2in. (excluding the fuze), weight 15.8lbs. Schenkl percussion fuze is intact and removable. Projectile is disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana.
For sale............$800.

A0148...Rifled artillery projectile, Harding design, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, Girardey wood percussion fuze, copper ring sabot, Confederate rifled 32 pounder, 6.4in. Projectile is Confederate manufacture, apparently following the design of "Harding", although at this point we really do not know who this designer was. The Harding sabot is very similar to the Federal Parrott sabots, it is a copper ring cast onto the shell and secured by notches. Shells are short and appear to have been manufactured for use in 32 pounder smoothbores, reconditioned and banded with rifling. Bolt has smooth sides, pointed nose. Fuze employed was a wood sleeved Girardey percussion fuze, Jones pg. 66, usually only the wood sleeve is recovered. All recoveries have been from Charleston, South Carolina.
Reference: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 230.

Projectile measures: diameter 6.3in., length 11in., weight 50lbs. Sabot is fired, showing 10 lands and grooves and is intact.  Fuze recovered with this shell shows raised section of the Girardey fuze, and is loose. Projectile recovered from dry ground. Projectile is disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: Charleston South Carolina, bombardment of Long Island.
For sale.............$1,200.

A0282...Rifled artillery projectile, Read design, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, long pattern with smooth sides, segmented interior, copper ring sabot milled, copper time fuze, Confederate 3.4in. or Blakely rifle, 3.5in. Projectile was Confederate manufactured during the war. Read developed this copper sabot, it was more flexible than the earlier wrought iron sabot Both sides produced a smooth sided shell, this Confederate version is distinguished by a lathe dimple in the base, a casting sprue on the nose, and the smooth sides were finished by turning on a lathe, nose on this pattern is bluntly rounded. Copper ring sabot is tapered at the top and seated in a deep groove well inside of the iron base, ring was cast thick, then milled to a thin edge at the bottom. Interior of the shell was segmented in star shape, an innovation to produce more even fragmentation. Fuze employed was a Confederate copper time fuze, two spanner holes, Jones pg. 41. It is not entirely clear what gun this was intended for, specimens noted seem to vary in diameter from 3.35 in to 3.45 inch which may be measurement variance caused by corrosion, distortion of sabots from firing, or machining quality variations. Many were found at High Bridge Virginia which was a low priority outpost and may have been equipped with an older smoothbore gun bored and retrofitted to take these rifled projectiles or it could have been intended for the 12 pounder Blakely rifle, 3.5 inch.
Reference: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 271 or 274.

Projectile measures: diameter 3.35in., length 7.75in. (excluding fuze), weight 10.9lbs. Sabot is not fired. Time fuze intact. Metal is solid, minor areas of pitting. Projectile is disarmed: drill hole through paper section of time fuze. Recovered: High Bridge, Virginia.
For sale............$800.

A0299...Rifled artillery projectile, Hotchkiss design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, pattern with flame grooves, flat top "case shot" lead balls, lead band sabot, Hotchkiss brass time fuze , Ordnance rifle, 3in. Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals following the invention of Andrew Hotchkiss. The pattern consisted of three parts, a nose section containing the explosive charge, a cast iron cup fitted on the bottom, and lead band sabot cast around the middle, on firing the cup would compress the lead band sabot expanding it into the rifling. Some of these shells were configured as case shot, filled with balls, or as "common", without balls. This shell is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls, and with a time fuze was designed to detonate above the heads of troops in the open field. This pattern features a nearly flat nose designed to pack additional "case shot" balls, the fuze is brass and the balls are lead. Three flame grooves added so that flame from firing would pass through the sabot and ignite the fuze. Shell cavity is split into two parts, upper chamber contained iron balls, bottom chamber contained the explosive charge, on detonation a bolt would force the balls out the top of the shell. Bottom of shell is rounded. Fuze employed was a Hotchkiss brass time fuze, with slots and a flange, Jones pg. 87.
Reference: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 168.

Projectile measures: diameter 2.94in., length 6.25in. (excluding fuze), weight 8.9lbs. Lead band sabot shows seven lands and grooves, fired from the Ordnance rifle. Hotchkiss brass time fuze intact.Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through paper section of the time fuze. Recovered: Spanish Fort Alabama.
For sale............Listing temporary suspended, this case shot shell is being cut. It will be relisted as soon as I make new pictures of interior of this shell.

A0300...Rifled artillery projectile, Parrott design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, long pattern "common" (standard), high band scalloped or corrugated brass ring sabot, Parrott percussion fuze West Point Style, Parrott 20 pounder rifle, 3.67in. Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals following the invention of Robert Parrott. The sabot system utilized was an early development of the high band sabot, this pattern with the scalloped or corrugated shaped edge is now determined to be a prototype preceding the high band Type II Parrott sabot, it was apparently tested briefly and abandoned. All projectiles of this sabot type are "common" shell, (standard), not containing balls, and with a percussion fuze it was designed to detonate after striking enemy cannon or equipment. Fuze employed was a Parrott zinc percussion fuze, "West Point" style two part fuze, Jones pg. 79, fuze hole will have a thin milled lip. Bottom of shell usually shows a casting sprue which was rough milled.
Reference: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 227.

Projectile measures: diameter 3.65in., length 10.5in. (excluding fuze), weight 16.6lbs. Fired sabot intact showing 5 lands and grooves. Parrott percussion fuze is partial. Metal quality strong, with areas of pitting. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the bottom. Recovered: battlefield or test range not known, rare shell.
For sale............$400.

A0323...Rifled artillery projectile, Selma Arsenal design, Confederate Selma manufacture, solid bolt, pattern with bourreleted rings pointed nose, short pattern, copper disc sabot, Confederate rifle, 3.67in. Projectile is Confederate manufactured at the arsenal at Selma, Alabama. The pattern utilized a thick copper disc sabot cast around a clover leaf post on the bottom of the shell. Most production was originally stamped with "G" denoting Selma, the stamping is usually on the sabot but is sometimes weak. This pattern utilized two bourrelet rings, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. Nose is pointed, twine was placed in the groove above the sabot.
Reference: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 319.
Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., length 5.75in., weight 10lbs. Sabot is fired showing 15 lands and grooves, distortion from firing and is partial, it appears this projectile was fired from a captured James Rifle, which would have been slightly too large, so the rifling is weak. Projectile is disarmed: casting is solid iron. Recovered: Spanish Fort, Alabama.
For sale............$850.

A0353...Rifled artillery projectile, Tennessee design, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, pattern with, bourreleted ringed short nose, copper disc sabot with 3 studs in the shell flush mounted with short bolt, wood time fuze, Confederate rifle, 3in. Projectile was Confederate manufactured and was originally believed to have been developed by Mullane working with Read and others, however, updated research has not been able to confirm the existence of a man named Mullane. Period literature often refers to work as the "Tennessee" design, cup, or sabot, and is attributed to Captain Lardner Gibbon, although official recognition for his development was never granted. The sabot system utilized was a copper disc held in place by studs and secured with a center bolt, a manufacturing innovation allowing the parts made of different metals, copper and iron, to be prepared independent and assembled at the end. This sabot pattern, referred to as Type I, employed three long studs cast into the shell body fitted through the disc sabot, a short bolt apparently secured the copper disc flush mounted and eliminated the wood dowel used in earlier versions. Performance of this sabot was unsatisfactory, typically the studs or the bolt would break on firing releasing or distorting the copper disc sabot. This pattern utilized two bourrelet rings, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough , the casting is crude, and the width and depth of the rings also vary by the depth of the milling. Length of nose varies considerably and is partly the result of how much the nose was milled to accommodate the wood fuze . The nose on this pattern is relatively short and the bourrelet rings are typically strong. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place, Jones Fuzes pg. 2.
Reference: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 203.

Projectile measures: diameter 2. 94in., length 8in. overall (6.5in. exclude bolt & studs), weight 6.8lbs. Sabot is fired showing weak lands and grooves, and is intact. Wood fuze is partial. Projectile is disarmed: drill hole through paper section of time fuze. Recovered: Virginia campaign.
For sale............Sale pending..

A0427...Rifled artillery projectile, Parrott design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell,"common" (standard), high band rabbeted brass band sabot, Parrott percussion fuze, Parrott 10 pounder rifle, 2.9in. Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals following the invention of Robert Parrott. The sabot system utilized was a thin wide brass band secured to the base with rabbets, referred to as "type II", more flexible than the earlier wrought iron design. However performance was poor, the thin soft brass sabot either failed to take the rifling or had a tendency to separate on firing, resulting in shards of brass flying into the backs of the forward infantry. Use in smaller caliber ordnance was generally abandoned in favor of the thicker type III narrow band sabot. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9.5lbs to 11lbs. with balls ), or as "common" (approx 8lbs. to 9lbs. without balls). This shell is a "common" shell, (standard), it does not contain balls, and with a percussion fuze it was designed to detonate after striking enemy cannon or equipment. Fuze employed was a Parrott zinc percussion fuze, this one used the "improved" one part design, edge of the fuze hole is milled flat, Jones pg. 81. Bottom of shell usually shows a casting sprue which was rough milled. This is the early 2.9 inch pattern, (most are 3 inch).
Reference: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 225.

Projectile measures: diameter 2.94in., length 8.5in. (excluding fuze), weight 9.2lbs. Sabot is fired showing 3 weak lands and grooves, sabot barely took the rifling. Percussion fuze intact. Metal is solid, minor areas of pitting. Projectile is disarmed: drill hole through the side. Recovered: Kennesaw, Georgia.
For sale............$350.

A0536...Rifled artillery projectile, Read design, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, short pattern with smooth sides, star cavity interior, copper ring sabot milled, copper time fuze, Confederate 3.4in. or Blakely rifle, 3.5in. Projectile was Confederate manufactured during the war. Read developed this copper sabot, it was more flexible than the earlier wrought iron sabot Both sides produced a smooth sided shell, this Confederate version is distinguished by a lathe dimple in the base, a casting sprue on the nose, and the smooth sides were finished by turning on a lathe, nose on this pattern is bluntly rounded. Copper ring sabot is tapered at the top and seated in a deep groove well inside of the iron base, ring was cast thick, then milled to a thin edge at the bottom. Interior of the shell was segmented in star shape, an innovation to produce more even fragmentation. Fuze employed was a Confederate copper time fuze, two spanner holes, Jones pg. 41. It is not entirely clear what gun this was intended for, specimens noted seem to vary in diameter from 3.35 in to 3.45 inch which may be measurement variance caused by corrosion, distortion of sabots from firing, or machining quality variations. Many were found at High Bridge Virginia which was a low priority outpost and may have been equipped with an older smoothbore gun bored and retrofitted to take these rifled projectiles or it could have been intended for the 12 pounder Blakely rifle, 3.5 inch.
Reference: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 273.

Projectile measures: diameter 3.5in., length 7.25in. (excluding fuze), weight 11.7lbs. Sabot is fired showing 7 lands and grooves, distortion from firing and is intact, the 7 grooves suggests that this could have been fired from a rifled 6 pounder, 3.67in gun although the size suggests it should have been used in a smaller gun.. Time fuze intact. Metal is solid, minor areas of pitting. Projectile is disarmed: drill hole through paper section of time fuze. Recovered: High Bridge, Virginia.
For sale
............$800.

A0565...Rifled artillery projectile, Broun design, Confederate manufacture, bursting projectile, long pattern with single bourrelet ring, copper band sabot, wood time fuze, Confederate rifle, 3in. Projectile was Confederate manufactured following William Broun's design. The sabot system utilized was a thin copper band sabot, notched into the base of the projectile. This pattern projectile with a rounded nose, utilized a wide bourrelet band at the top, the sabot was slightly larger than the rest of the projectile and served as a second bourrelet, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. A lathe dimple in the base, and a casting sprue on the nose are usually noted. This pattern was produced late in the war as iron was in short supply, recycled material was often used and the metal quality of these projectiles is almost always poor. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place.
Reference: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 133.

Projectile measures: diameter 2.95in., length 8.0in., excluding the fuze, weight 9.4lbs. Sabot is unifired. Wood fuze is missing. Projectile is disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: not determuined.
For sale............$500.

A0754...Rifled artillery projectile, Sawyer design, Federal manufacture, solid bolt, lead sabot with lead sleeve, smooth sided, Sawyer rifle, 3.67 in. Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of Addison M Sawyer. The sabot system was designed with a massive lead sabot covering the entire base and the sides. The design apparently proved unsatisfactory because the excessive lead consumed would gum up the bore on the cannon, and the elasticity of the lead probably lessened the dispersion of fragments, it was tested at Port Hudson, and then apparently abandoned. This pattern was cast without flanges, bottom is tapered, sides are smooth. Base is stamped "PATENTED NOVEMBER 13, 1855". Sabot if fired will show six weak lands and grooves, a pattern unique to the Sawyer rifle. The massive lead sabot tended to soften or melt in firing, hence the rifling is usually obscured.
Reference: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 294.

Projectile measures: diameter 3. 6in., length 7in., weight 15.6lbs. Lead sabot is fired, and shows 6 lands and grooves and distortion from firing. Patent date in base is partly readable. Projectile is disarmed, casting is solid iron. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana.
For sale............ $750.

A1038...Rifled artillery projectile, Read design, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, short pattern with smooth sides short segmented interior, wrought iron sabot, wood time fuze, Confederate rifle 3.4 in. or Blakely rifle 3.5 in. Projectile was Confederate manufactured during the war. Read developed this copper sabot, it was more flexible than the earlier wrought iron sabot Both sides produced a smooth sided shell, this Confederate version is distinguished by a lathe dimple in the base, a casting sprue on the nose, and the smooth sides were finished by turning on a lathe, nose on this pattern is bluntly rounded. Copper ring sabot is tapered at the top and seated in a deep groove well inside of the iron base, ring was cast thick, then milled to a thin edge at the bottom. Interior of the shell was segmented in star shape, an innovation to produce more even fragmentation. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place. It is not entirely clear what gun this was intended for, specimens noted seem to vary in diameter from 3.35 in to 3.45 inch which may be measurement variance caused by corrosion, distortion of sabots from firing, or machining quality variations.
Reference: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 272.

Projectile measures: diameter 3.3in., length 6.0in. (excluding fuze), weight 7.5lb. Wrought iron sabot intact, showing distortion from firing. Wood fuze is partial. Metal quality solid with areas of pitting. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through paper section of the time fuze. Recovered: not determined.
For sale............ $750.

A1141...Rifled artillery projectile, Sawyer design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, lead sabot with lead sleeve and pre-cast flanges, Sawyer combination fuze, Sawyer rifle, 3.67 in. Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of Addison M Sawyer. The sabot system was designed with a massive lead sabot covering the entire base and the sides. The design apparently proved unsatisfactory because the excessive lead consumed would gum up the bore on the cannon, and the elasticity of the lead probably lessened the dispersion of fragments, it was tested at Port Hudson, and then apparently abandoned. This pattern was cast six flanges cast into the shell. Base is stamped "PATENTED NOVEMBER 13, 1855". Fuze employed was .the Sawyer percussion fuze, Jones pg. 33. PSabot if fired will show six weak lands and grooves, a pattern unique to the Sawyer rifle.
Reference: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 296.
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Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in. approx, length 7in. (excluding fuze), weight 11.6lbs. Lead sabot is fired, rifled 6 lands and grooves is strong, part of sabot peeled off around the nose. Patent date in base is readable. Fuze is partial, top is missing, inner cap is exposed. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the side. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana, by Emile Mancusco.
For sale............ $1,200.

A1149...Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, "common" (standard), short pattern with grooved tail, paper sleeve sabot, Schenkl percussion fuze, rifled 6 pounder smoothbore, 3.67 in. Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of John P. Schenkl. The sabot system consisted of a "forcing cone" paper sleeve, which was intended to expand into the rifling, then flutter away on release. Problems with the paper absorbing moisture or swelling and blocking passage of the flame on firing rendered it impractical with time fuzes and so it saw limited application. This short pattern was intended for the rifled six pounder and has six grooved ribs to secure the sabot. Usually this pattern is a "common" or standard round and will not be filled with balls , and with a percussion fuze it was designed to detonate after striking enemy cannon or equipment. Fuze employed was a Schenkl Army percussion fuze , removable cap had a slider and percussion cap, head is 1.22in.or 1.25in., 10 threads per inch, marked "JP SCHENKL / PAT OCT 16 1861", Jones pg. 98 or 99., top of the fuze hole is milled flat.
Reference: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 307.

Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., length 8.5in. (excluding the fuze), weight 10.4.lbs. Schenkl percussion fuze is intact. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the side. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana, by Emile Mancuso.
For sale............ $550.

A1222...Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, "common" (standard), short pattern with ribbed tail, paper sleeve sabot, Schenkl percussion fuze, rifled 6 pounder smoothbore, 3.67 in. Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of John P. Schenkl. The sabot system consisted of a "forcing cone" paper sleeve, which was intended to expand into the rifling, then flutter away on release. Problems with the paper absorbing moisture or swelling and blocking passage of the flame on firing rendered it impractical with time fuzes and so it saw limited application. This short pattern was intended for the rifled six pounder and has six raised ribs to secure the sabot. Usually this pattern is a "common" or standard round and will not be filled with balls , and with a percussion fuze it was designed to detonate after striking enemy cannon or equipment. Fuze employed was a Schenkl Army percussion fuze , removable cap had a slider and percussion cap, head is 1.22in.or 1.25in., 10 threads per inch, marked "JP SCHENKL / PAT OCT 16 1861", (Jones pg. 9 8 or 99). , top of the fuze hole is milled flat.
Reference: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 308.

Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., length 8.5in. (excluding the fuze), weight 10.2.lbs. Schenkl percussion fuze is removable. Projectile has been disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana, by Michael J Cherry Sr.
For sale............ $600.

A1283...Rifled artillery projectile, Tennessee design, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, pattern with, bourreleted ringed long nose, copper disc sabot with 3 studs in the shell and long bolt, wood time fuze, Confederate rifle, 3in. Projectile was Confederate manufactured and was originally believed to have been developed by Mullane working with Read and others, however, updated research has not been able to confirm the existence of a man named Mullane. Period literature often refers to work as the "Tennessee" design, cup, or sabot, and is attributed to Captain Lardner Gibbon, although official recognition for his development was never granted. The sabot system utilized was a copper disc held in place by studs and secured with a center bolt, a manufacturing innovation allowing the parts made of different metals, copper and iron, to be prepared independent and assembled at the end. This sabot pattern, referred to as Type I, employed three long studs cast into the shell body fitted through the disc sabot, a long bolt apparently secured the copper disc along with a wood dowel. Performance of this sabot was unsatisfactory, typically the studs or the bolt would break on firing releasing or distorting the copper disc sabot. This pattern utilized two bourrelet rings, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough , the casting is crude, and the width and depth of the rings also vary by the depth of the milling. Length of nose varies considerably and is partly the result of how much the nose was milled to accommodate the wood fuze . The nose on this pattern is relatively long and the bourrelet rings are typically weak. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place, Jones Fuzes pg. 2.
Reference: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 203.

Projectile measures: diameter 2.94in., length 9.0 in. overall, body only 7.0in. excluding bolt & studs, weight 7.0lb. Sabot is fired showing 3 lands and grooves, and is intact but shows distortion from firing. Wood fuze is partial, smooth tapered hole. Metal is solid, minor areas of pitting. Projectile is disarmed: drill hole through paper section of time fuze. Recovered: Fredericksburg, Virginia.
For sale............Sale pending..

A1531...Rifled artillery projectile, Sawyer design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, lead sabot with lead sleeve, smooth sided, Sawyer combination fuze, Sawyer rifle, 3.67 in. Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of Addison M Sawyer. The sabot system was designed with a massive lead sabot covering the entire base and the sides. The design apparently proved unsatisfactory because the excessive lead consumed would gum up the bore on the cannon, and the elasticity of the lead probably lessened the dispersion of fragments, it was tested at Port Hudson, and then apparently abandoned. This pattern was cast without flanges, base is tapered, sides are smooth. Base is stamped "PATENTED NOVEMBER 13, 1855" and number "14 1/2" is stamped near the nose. Fuze employed was the Sawyer combination fuze, sometimes referred to as the "candlestick" fuze, Jones pg. 34. Sabot if fired will show six weak lands and grooves, a pattern unique to the Sawyer rifle. The massive lead sabot tended to soften or melt in firing, hence the rifling is usually obscured.
Reference: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 295.

Projectile measures: diameter 3.58in., length 7.6in., weight 13.9lbs. Lead sabot is fired, rifled 6 lands and grooves is strong, part of sabot peeled off around the nose. Patent date in base is readable and number stamped on nose. Fuze is partial. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the center section of the fuze. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana.
For sale............ $1,200.

A1583...Rifled artillery projectile, Parrott design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, short pattern "case shot" balls packed in sulfur matrix, wrought iron sabot, Parrott time fuze with a flange, Parrott 20 pounder rifle, 3.67in. Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals following the prewar invention of Robert Parrott and John Read working together. The sabot system utilized was a wrought iron ring, referred to as the "Type I" sabot, rifling was precast with five flanges, because it was too stiff to take the rifling otherwise. Some of these shells were configured as case shot, (approx. 17.5lbs to 19lbs. with balls, short, 9.25in.), or as "common" (approx 15lbs. to 17lbs. without balls, long 10.25in.). This shell is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls, and with a time fuze was designed to detonate above the heads of troops in the open field. Lead case shot balls are packed in yellow or sulfur matrix. Fuze employed was a Parrott zinc time fuze, typically the pattern with a flat flange, (Jones pg. 77)., top of the fuze hole is milled wide to seat the flange. Bottom of shell usually shows a casting sprue which was rough milled.
Reference: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 219.

Projectile measures: diameter 3.62in., length 9.0in. (excluding fuze), weight 17.6lb. Wrought iron sabot shows five precast rifled lands and grooves. Parrott time fuze is partial. Metal is solid, Shell is disarmed by drill hole through the paper section of the fuze. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana.
For sale............ Listing temporary suspended, this case shot shell is being cut. It will be relisted as soon as I make new pictures of interior of this shell.

A1591...Rifled artillery projectile, Parrott design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, long pattern "common" (standard), wrought iron sabot, Schenkl percussion fuze, Parrott 20 pounder rifle, 3.67in. Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals following the prewar invention of Robert Parrott and John Read working together. The sabot system utilized was a wrought iron ring, referred to as the "Type I" sabot, rifling was precast with five flanges, because it was too stiff to take the rifling otherwise. Some of these shells were configured as case shot, (approx. 17.5lbs to 19lbs. with balls, short, 9.25in.), or as "common" (approx 15lbs. to 17lbs. without balls, long 10.25in.). This shell is a "common" shell, (standard), it does not contain balls, and with a percussion fuze it was designed to detonate after striking enemy cannon or equipment. Fuze employed was a Schenkl Army percussion fuze, removable cap had a slider and percussion cap, head is 1.22in.or 1.25in., 10 threads per inch, marked "JP SCHENKL / PAT OCT 16 1861", (Jones pg. 98 or 99)., top of the fuze hole is milled flat. Bottom of shell usually shows a casting sprue which was rough milled.
Reference: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 219.

Projectile measures: diameter 3.62in., length 10.0in. (excluding fuze), weight 15.8lb. Wrought iron sabot shows five precast rifled lands and grooves. Schenkl percussion fuze fully intact. Metal is solid. Shell is disarmed by drill hole through the side. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana.
For sale............ $375.

A1631...Rifled artillery projectile, Hotchkiss design, Federal manufacture, solid bolt, pattern without flame grooves, pointed nose with deep hollow cup , lead band sabot, James 14 pounder rifle, 3.8in. Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals following the invention of Andrew Hotchkiss. The pattern consisted of three parts, a nose section containing the explosive charge, a cast iron cup fitted on the bottom, and lead band sabot cast around the middle, on firing the cup would compress the lead band sabot expanding it into the rifling. Shell is solid casting, or "bolt" and was designed to be used against opposing cannon by striking the equipment, use of this light bolt had limited applicability and is relatively scarce in the smaller calibers. Nose of this pattern is pointed, with a deep cup or hollow area in the lower part of the nose, this was probably an effort to shift the center of gravity forward. Hotchkiss patent date was cast, not stamped, into the base, "HOTCHKISS PATENT OCTOBER 9, 1855 / MAY 14, 1861", and is typically weak.
Reference: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg.171.

Projectile measures: diameter 3.7in., length 7.0in. (excluding fuze), weight 13.7lb. Lead band sabot shows 15 lands and grooves, fired from James 14 pounder rifle. Projectile is disarmed: casting is solid iron. Recovered: Monet Ferry, Louisiana.
For sale............ $450.

A1694...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "common" (standard), Confederate Bormann time fuze with wrench single slot, smoothbore 24 pounder, 5.82in. Projectile was intended for the 24 pounder smoothbore, which was uncommon, not a very practical weapon for field use because of its excessive weight, most were used as flanking guns in the forts or as Coehorn mortars. Ball was e quipped with the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 20 to 23lbs. with balls ), or as "common" (approx 16 to 18lbs. without balls). This ball is "common" (standard), explosive charge only without balls. Shell is equipped with a Confederate manufactured Bormann time fuze, .5 second starting notch, single wrench slot, threads omitted from the top of the fuze, theoretically enabling the fuze to be hand tightened, (Jones pg. 22 and 26) .
Reference: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 47.

Projectile measures: diameter 5.7in., weight 16.4lb. Bormann fuze intact, punched, some numbers are readable. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the bottom. Recovered: Augusta, Georgia river cache.
For sale............ $425.

A1756...Rifled artillery projectile, Brooke design, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, smooth sided pattern with grooves, ratchet ring sabot, Confederate percussion fuze, Confederate Brooke rifle, 7in. Projectile was Confederate manufactured following John Brooke's design. The sabot system utilized was a copper ring cast onto the shell body, with ratchet notches to hold it in place. Shell is smooth sided and relatively short, this early design was likely originally intended for the rifled 42 pounders, but that system was quickly abandoned for the heavier 7 inch long guns. Performance was unsatisfactory, the sabot would typically be thrown or base would chip, and development efforts moved to the heavy disc sabot. Sides of shell are smooth, appearance of a sleeve depends on the degree of milling near the nose. Fuze employed was a copper percussion fuze, Jones, Fuzes, pg. 52 and sequence.
Reference: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 192.

Projectile measures: diameter 6.9in., length 14.5in., weight 95lbs. Sabot is fired showing 7 lands & grooves, base is chipped, sabot is partial and shows distortion from firing. Fuze sleeve is present but fuze is missing. Metal is solid. Projectile is disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: James River Virginia defenses.
For sale............$2,000.

A1814...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spreading canister, 12 pounder, 4.62 in. canister plates Thin top plate from a canister. Plates measure 4.4in. to 4.5in. the can fitted over the plates, the can fit loosely into the cannon, so the plates will typically measure small.

This plate received extreme pressure from firing and rolled. Recovered: Vicksburg, Mississippi.
For sale............ ....$75.

A1815...Rifled artillery projectile, Hotchkiss design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, pattern with flame grooves, rounded nose, "case shot" lead balls packed loose without matrix or with asphalt matrix, iron separator bolt, lead band sabot, Hotchkiss brass time fuze, Ordnance rifle, 3in. Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals following the invention of Andrew Hotchkiss. The pattern consisted of three parts, a nose section containing the explosive charge, a cast iron cup fitted on the bottom, and lead band sabot cast around the middle, on firing the cup would compress the lead band sabot expanding it into the rifling. Some of these shells were "common" or standard rounds, explosive charge only, or "case shot", filled with balls. This is "case shot", with a time fuze it was designed to be used against troops by spreading large volume of fragments and balls over the open field of fighting. Lead balls were packed in sawdust only, early production, or black asphalt matrix, later production. The nose is rounded to accomodate the extra load of balls and the casting in the nose is thin to encourage breakage forward in the nose. There are two chambers in the nose, all of the powder is in the lower chamber, all of the balls are in the upper chamber, there is an iron seperator bolt in the middle, with a hole and a narrow metal channel to allow the flame to pass from the fuze to detonate the powder in the lower chamber. On detonation, the exploding powder in the base was expected to push the seperator bolt and the balls forward and out the weak top section of the nose. The nose was cast as one part, the bottom is solid, the separator bolt apparently was precast and imbedded in the core, then positioned after casting once the core was removed, it is larger than the fuze opening. Three flame grooves added so that flame from firing would pass through the sabot and ignite the fuze. Fuze employed was a Hotchkiss brass time fuze, with slots and a flange, Jones pg. 87. Hotchkiss patent date was cast, not stamped, into the base, "HOTCHKISS PATENT OCTOBER 9, 1855", and is typically very weak and may have been omitted entirely as the molds wore down or were replaced.
Reference: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 167.

Projectile measures: diameter 2.98in., length 6.5in. (excluding fuze), weight 8.6lb. Lead band sabot shows seven lands and grooves, fired from the Ordnance rifle. Hotchkiss brass time fuze intact. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through paper section of the time fuze. Recovered: not known.
For sale............Listing temporary suspended, this case shot shell is being cut. It will be relisted as soon as I make new pictures of interior of this shell.

A1833...Rifled artillery projectile, Hotchkiss design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, pattern without flame grooves, pointed nose "common" (standard), lead band sabot, Hotchkiss iron percussion "West Point" style fuze, James 14 pounder rifle, 3.8in. Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals following the invention of Andrew Hotchkiss. The pattern consisted of three parts, a nose section containing the explosive charge, a cast iron cup fitted on the bottom, and lead band sabot cast around the middle, on firing the cup would compress the lead band sabot expanding it into the rifling. Some of these shells were "common" or standard rounds, explosive charge only, or "case shot", filled with balls. This shell is a "common" shell, (standard), it does not contain balls, and with a percussion fuze it was designed to be used against enemy cannon. The nose section is pointed, containing an open cavity for the explosive charge only, without a separator bolt. Nose section contains a plugged hole centered on the bottom, presumably this hole was used to secure the core on casting, then a plug was installed to seal the bottom. Hotchkiss patent date was cast, not stamped, into the base, "HOTCHKISS PATENT OCTOBER 9, 1855 / MAY 14, 1861 ", and is typically very weak and may have been omitted entirely as the molds wore down or were replaced. Flame grooves were not used on this pattern, with a percussion fuze the flame groove was not needed. Fuze employed was a Hotchkiss iron percussion fuze, "West Point style" which means anvil and slider operated independently, (Jones pg. 92).
Reference: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 174.

Projectile measures: diameter 3.7in., length 7.25in. (excluding fuze) unfired sabot, 6.75in. fired sabot compressed, weight 13.2lb. Lead sabot shows faint signs of 15 lands and grooves, fired from James Rifle. Iron percussion fuze intact. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole in the side. Recovered: Vicksburg, Mississippi.
For sale............ $400.

A1840...Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, "case shot"lead balls packed in asphalt matrix, rounded nose, paper sleeve sabot, Schenkl combination 10 second fuze, late pattern, Ordnance rifle, 3 in. Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of John P. Schenkl. The sabot system consisted of a "forcing cone" paper sleeve, which was intended to expand into the rifling, then flutter away on release. Problems with the paper absorbing moisture or swelling and blocking passage of the flame on firing rendered it impractical with time fuzes and so it saw limited application. This pattern with rounded shoulder was designed to hold "case shot" balls, designed to disperse above the heads of troops in the open field. Lead balls of small size, about .54in. diameter, are packed in black or asphalt matrix, with long powder train which often will be off center. Fuze employed was the Schenkl combination fuze, which was a complicated contraption designed to ignite either by time or on impact. This "late" pattern fuze has the percussion mechanism on the side of the fuze and is marked on top "10 SEC", Jones pg. 105.
Reference: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 299.

Projectile measures: diameter 2.94in., length 9in. (excluding the fuze), weight 9lbs. Conbination fuze intact. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the side. Recovered: City Point, Virginia ammo explosion.
For sale............ $450.

A1843...Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, "common" (standard), long pattern, paper sleeve sabot, Schenkl percussion fuze, Parrott 20 pounder rifle, 3.67 in. Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of John P. Schenkl. The sabot system consisted of a "forcing cone" paper sleeve, which was intended to expand into the rifling, then flutter away on release. Problems with the paper absorbing moisture or swelling and blocking passage of the flame on firing rendered it impractical with time fuzes and so it saw limited application. This long pattern was intended for the Parrott 20 pounder and has six grooved ribs to secure the sabot. Usually this pattern is a "common" or standard round and will not be filled with balls , and with a percussion fuze it was designed to detonate after striking enemy cannon or equipment. Fuze employed was a Schenkl Army percussion fuze , removable cap had a slider and percussion cap, head is 1.22in.or 1.25in., 10 threads per inch, marked "JP SCHENKL / PAT OCT 16 1861", Jones pg. 98 or 99., top of the fuze hole is milled flat.
Reference: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 309.

Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., length 11.6in. (excluding the fuze), weight 15.2lbs. Schenkl percussion fuze is removable. Projectile is disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: Richmond Petersburg Virginia campaign.
For sale............ $600.

A1856...Rifled artillery projectile, Britten design, English manufacture, bursting shell, pattern with short tapered nose segmented interior, lead cup sabot, threaded for unknown fuze, 10 pounder rifle, 2.9 in. or Ordnance rifle, 3in. Projectile was manufactured by the English and exported to the American conflict, either side could purchase them, but primary use was southern. The design follows Britten's English patent, employing a lead cup sabot with a counter bulge or large concave teat that extends beyond the bottom. There is a ring around the nose which probably was left from it being clamped to the lathe, American producers tended to use knobs. Interior is segmented to provide points of weakness for maximum fragmentation. It appears that the segmented interior, which is hardened steel, may have initially been manufactured as rolled sheet, then bent into a cylinder forming the core, then an iron skin cast onto the cylinder, the casting is very thin on the bottom covered only by the lead cup sabot. Fuze hole is left hand threaded British fuze, however all that have been recovered either were missing the fuze or the fuze was plugged with a wood shipping plug. There is some evidence that these shells were captured by the Federals from the Confederates and were simply fired as bolts due to the problem of them being separated from their fuzes. Projectile measures smaller than 2.9 in. suggesting that it may have originally been intended for the 10 pounder, however, the short length with a soft lead sabot would not have been suited at all for a 3 groove 10 pounder 2.9in. rifle, those missing the sabot may have been fired from this rifle, the torque from firing 3 groove would tend to rip the sabot away. All examples recovered with fired sabot remaining show 7 grooves suggesting most were actually fired from a 3 inch rifle, it would have fit loose in a 3 inch bore and this would account for the weak rifling. It is speculated that this pattern was originally manufactured for the smaller 2.9in. rifle, but most were used in the 3in. rifle as a practical solution.
Reference: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 110.
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Projectile measures: diameter 2.86in., length 5.0in. (excluding fuze), weight 6.2lb. Fired sabot shows 7 lands and grooves, fired from 2.9in. rifle, sabot intact. Threaded fuze was never installed, remnants of wood may be a shipping plug, shell may have been used as a bolt. Metal solid. Projectile is disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: Helena, Arkansas.
For sale............ $950.

A1872...Rifled artillery projectile, Parrott design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, long pattern "common" (standard), narrow ring brass sabot, Schenkl percussion fuze, Parrott 20 pounder rifle, 3.67in. Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals following the invention of Robert Parrott. The sabot system utilized was a narrow brass ring secured to the base with internal rabbets, referred to as "type III", more flexible than wrought iron and more narrow than the high band, this took the rifling much better than the earlier designs. Some of these shells were configured as case shot, (approx. 17.5lbs to 19lbs. with balls, short, 9.25in.), or as "common" (approx 15lbs. to 17lbs. without balls, long 10.25in.). This shell is a "common" shell, (standard), it does not contain balls, and with a percussion fuze it was designed to detonate after striking enemy cannon or equipment. Fuze employed was a Schenkl Army percussion fuze, removable cap had a slider and percussion cap, head is 1.22in.or 1.25in., 10 threads per inch, marked "JP SCHENKL / PAT OCT 16 1861", Jones pg. 98 or 99., top of the fuze hole is milled flat. Bottom of shell usually shows a casting sprue which was rough milled, there will often be casting flaws near the base.
Reference: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 232.

Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., length 10.25in. (excluding fuze), weight 15lbs. to 17lbs. Sabot is not fired and is intact. Percussion fuze is fully intact. Metal is solid, minor areas of pitting. Projectile is disarmed: drill hole through the side. Recovered: not known.
For sale............ $400.

A1874...Rifled artillery projectile, Parrott design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, long pattern "common" (standard), narrow ring brass sabot, Parrott "improved one part" percussion fuze, Parrott 20 pounder rifle, 3.67in. Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals following the invention of Robert Parrott. The sabot system utilized was a narrow brass ring secured to the base with internal rabbets, referred to as "type III", more flexible than wrought iron and more narrow than the high band, this took the rifling much better than the earlier designs. Some of these shells were configured as case shot, (approx. 17.5lbs to 19lbs. with balls, short, 9.25in.), or as "common" (approx 15lbs. to 17lbs. without balls, long 10.25in.). This shell is a "common" shell, (standard), it does not contain balls, and with a percussion fuze it was designed to detonate after striking enemy cannon or equipment. Fuze employed was a Parrott zinc "improved" one part design, with a flange, Jones, Fuzes, pg. 81, edge of the fuze hole is milled flat. Bottom of shell usually shows a casting sprue which was rough milled, there will often be casting flaws near the base.
Reference: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 232.

Projectile measures: diameter 3.62in., length 10.0in. (excluding fuze), weight 17.0lb. Sabot shows 5 lands and grooves and is intact. Percussion fuze may have been cut, exposing the slider with nipple inside. Metal is solid. Projectile is disarmed: drill hole through the side. Recovered: not known.
For sale............ $300.

A2589...Rifled artillery projectile, Broun design, Confederate manufacture, solid bolt, long pattern with bourrelet rings and blunt nose, copper ring sabot, Brooke rifle, 7 in. Projectile was Confederate manufactured following William Broun's design. The sabot system utilized was a thin copper band sabot, notched into the base of the projectile. This pattern projectile utilized a wide bourrelet band at the top, the sabot was slightly larger than the rest of the projectile and served as a second bourrelet, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. The top is only slightly rounded, this flat top was designed to deliver maximum impact against the Federal ironclads.
Reference: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 201.

Projectile measures: diameter 6.9in., length 13.5in. weight 120lbs. Heavy high band sabot is un-fired. Metal solid with some pitting, sabot intact. projectile disarmed, solid iron casting never had a cavity or bursting charge. Recovered: Mobile Alabama defenses.
For sale............ $2,500.

A2590...Rifled artillery projectile, Brooke design, Confederate manufacture, solid bolt, short pattern with bourrelet rings, thin upper ring, and flat nose, ratchet disc sabot, Confederate Brooke rifle, 7in. Projectile was Confederate manufactured following John Brooke's design. The sabot system utilized was a copper disc held in place by ratchet ribs cast into both the heavy sabot and shell body, and secured with a center bolt, a manufacturing innovation allowing the parts made of different metals, copper and iron, to be prepared independent and assembled at the end. This pattern utilized two bourrelet rings, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. The top is only slightly rounded, this flat top was designed to deliver maximum impact against the Federal ironclads. This short bolt was intended for the new rifled Brooke rifles and used in the Mobile Bay campaign, the upper bourrelet ring is cast narrow.
Reference: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 180.

Projectile measures: diameter 6.9in., length 11.5in., weight 100lbs. Heavy copper disc sabot is unfired and intact, dings on the bottom of the sabot are foundry marks. Metal solid, some pitting on one side. Projectile is disarmed, solid iron casting never had a cavity or bursting charge. Recovered: Mobile Bay Alabama.
For sale............ $2,000.

A2663...Rifled artillery projectile, Broun design, Confederate manufacture, solid bolt, long pattern with bourrelet rings and blunt nose, copper ring sabot, Brooke rifle, 7 in. Projectile was Confederate manufactured following William Broun's design. The sabot system utilized was a thin copper band sabot, notched into the base of the projectile. This pattern projectile utilized a wide bourrelet band at the top, the sabot was slightly larger than the rest of the projectile and served as a second bourrelet, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. The top is only slightly rounded, this flat top was designed to deliver maximum impact against the Federal ironclads.
Reference: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 201.

Projectile measures: diameter 6.9in., length 13.5in. weight 120lbs. Heavy high band sabot is un-fired. Metal solid with some pitting, sabot intact. projectile disarmed, solid iron casting never had a cavity or bursting charge. Recovered: Mobile Alabama defenses.
For sale............ $2,500.

A2964.2...Navy watercap time fuze, 1862.
Navy watercap fuze, markings, "ORD. D (anchor) / (date)", Jones pg. 10.


Watercap fuze with clean threads.
For sale.............$75.

A2993. Rifled artillery projectile, Hotchkiss design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, pattern with flame grooves, rounded nose, "case shot" lead balls packed loose without matrix or with asphalt matrix, iron separator bolt, lead band sabot, Hotchkiss brass time fuze, Ordnance rifle, 3in. Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals following the invention of Andrew Hotchkiss. The pattern consisted of three parts, a nose section containing the explosive charge, a cast iron cup fitted on the bottom, and lead band sabot cast around the middle, on firing the cup would compress the lead band sabot expanding it into the rifling. Some of these shells were "common" or standard rounds, explosive charge only, or "case shot", filled with balls. This is "case shot", with a time fuze it was designed to be used against troops by spreading large volume of fragments and balls over the open field of fighting. Lead balls were packed in sawdust only, early production, or black asphalt matrix, later production. The nose is rounded to accomodate the extra load of balls and the casting in the nose is thin to encourage breakage forward in the nose. There are two chambers in the nose, all of the powder is in the lower chamber, all of the balls are in the upper chamber, there is an iron seperator bolt in the middle, with a hole and a narrow metal channel to allow the flame to pass from the fuze to detonate the powder in the lower chamber. On detonation, the exploding powder in the base was expected to push the seperator bolt and the balls forward and out the weak top section of the nose. The nose was cast as one part, the bottom is solid, the separator bolt apparently was precast and imbedded in the core, then positioned after casting once the core was removed, it is larger than the fuze opening. Three flame grooves added so that flame from firing would pass through the sabot and ignite the fuze. Fuze employed was a Hotchkiss brass time fuze, with slots and a flange, Jones pg. 87. Hotchkiss patent date was cast, not stamped, into the base, "HOTCHKISS PATENT OCTOBER 9, 1855", and is typically very weak and may have been omitted entirely as the molds wore down or were replaced.
Reference: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 167.

Projectile measures: diameter 2.9in., length 7.0in unfired, 6.75in. sabot compressed from firing, excluding fuze, weight 9.1lbs. Lead band sabot shows seven lands and grooves, fired from the Ordnance rifle. Hotchkiss brass time fuze intact. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through paper section of the time fuze. Recovered: 1864 Shenandoah Valley Virginia campaign, Fishers Hill, Virginia.
For sale............ Listing temporary suspended, this case shot shell is being cut. It will be relisted as soon as I make new pictures of interior of this shell.

A3033...Rifled artillery projectile, Parrott design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, short pattern "case shot", with lead balls packed in asphalt matrix, narrow ring brass sabot, Parrott time fuze with a flange, Parrott 20 pounder rifle, 3.67in.  Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals following the invention of Robert Parrott. The sabot system utilized was a narrow brass ring secured to the base with internal rabbets, referred to as "type III", more flexible than wrought iron and more narrow than the high band, this took the rifling much better than the earlier designs. Some of these shells were configured as case shot, (approx. 17.5lbs to 19lbs. with balls, short, 9.25in.), or as "common" (approx 15lbs. to 17lbs. without balls, long 10.25in.). This shell is "case shot.", explosive charge with lead balls, and with a time fuze was designed to detonate above the heads of troops in the open field. The lead balls are rough cast around .69 cal, packed in black asphalt matrix near the top of the shell, powder packed in a long channel which expands near the bottom, on detonation the concentrated powder at the bottom was designed to burn the matrix and propel the balls and fragments forward. Fuze employed was a Parrott zinc time fuze, typically the pattern with a long stem and flat top with a flange, an innovation to prevent gas leaks around the fuze causing premature detonations, Jones, Fuzes, pg. 77 upper right, edge of the fuze hole is milled flat. Bottom of shell usually shows a casting sprue which was rough milled, there will often be casting flaws near the base.
Reference: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 231.

Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., length 9.25in. (excluding fuze), weight 18.5lbs to 19lbs. Projectile is fired, low band sabot seperated on firing. Shell is cut shows case shot balls packed in black asphalt. Note that the balls melted during firing and became pressed flat against the bottom, this left a void in the top under the fuze which is why it failed to detonate. Projectile is disarmed, cut shell exposes interior. Recovered: not determined.
For sale............ Projectile is cut showing cross section, half available, right side in picture $200.


Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War
Artillery
Research center, artillery, click: http://relicman.com/artillery/Artillery0000-Index.html.

Research center, artillery, click: http://relicman.com/artillery/Artillery0000-Index.html.

Shipping of artillery shells and my show schedule:
Shipping shells almost anywhere is not a problem. UPS accepts packages up to 150 pounds, this will take care of most shells below 8 inch Parrotts and 13 inch round balls. Heavier than that requires common carrier. I charge shipping at estimated commercial cost. I attend some shows and I can deliver any shell to a show to be picked up at no charge. However, please understand that I only bring a small sampling of shells to sit on my table at a show, these things are heavy to haul in and out of a show, and so most shells I bring to a show are making a one way trip. So while I may have many shells on my webpage, I typically bring only a limited sampling to the shows. So if you see a shell you want, please tell me you want it before I leave for a show, and I can bring it for you or work a layaway with final payment to be made at the show.

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