The Civil War Relicman,
Harry Ridgeway
.

Winchester, Virginia, USA.
Civil War (pre 1898) weapons.

relicman.com.


Ridgeway Reference Archive, Civil War weapons.
Enfield muskets.

This is the "Ridgeway Reference Archive", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader.   Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author.  None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale.  This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items.  I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me.  All  items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described.   Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission.    This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.

All weapons listed on this webpage are strictly manufactured before 1898, and are considered unsafe for actual use.  These are antique collectible weapons of the Civil War (most are pre 1865, unless I state otherwise) and actual firing of these weapons is not recommended for any purpose whatsoever!  Because these are all "pre 1898" weapons, no licenses are required for ownership, but common sense and good judgment should be applied.



Rifled percussion musket, English Enfield, Tower, 1860, .577cal.
  The English Enfield muskets were developed for the British military and were generally thought to be superior to American made muskets of the period.  Many were exported, a number of American military units, both north and south purchased them, many were smuggled through the blockade to southern ports during the war.  Musket was designed as a single shot .577 or .58 cal rifled muzzleloader featuring brass buttplate, contoured shaped hammer, fixed bolster, long range sight with single leaf and sliding scale, brass trigger guard, three rounded barrel bands held in place with screws and not springs, two strap hooks on muzzle band and trigger guard, ramrod with straight shank and wiper slot and threads, brass nose cap.  Lock is marked with a crown behind the hammer, and  "1860 / TOWER" in front.  Barrel is marked "(graphic) 25  (graphic) 25 (graphic)", which means .577cal., or if "24", this is .58cal..  Round barrel length 39in.
English Enfield.

W0875     Rifled percussion musket, English Enfield, Tower, 1860, .577 cal.
Lock is marked with a crown behind the hammer, and  "1860 / TOWER" in front.  Barrel is marked "(graphic) 25  (graphic) 25 (graphic)", which means .577cal.  Round barrel length 39in.


Rifled percussion musket, English Enfield, Tower, 1861, .577cal.

 

The English Enfield muskets were developed for the British military and were generally thought to be superior to American made muskets of the period.  Many were exported, a number of American military units, both north and south purchased them, many were smuggled through the blockade to southern ports during the war.  Musket was designed as a single shot .577 or .58 cal rifled muzzleloader featuring brass buttplate, contoured shaped hammer, fixed bolster, long range sight with single leaf and sliding scale, brass trigger guard, three rounded barrel bands held in place with screws and not springs, two strap hooks on muzzle band and trigger guard, ramrod with straight shank and wiper slot and threads, brass nose cap.  Lock is marked with a crown behind the hammer, and  "1861 / TOWER" in front.   Barrel is marked "(graphic) 25 (graphic) 25 (graphic)", which means .577cal., or if "24", this is .58cal.  Name of the stock maker may appear on bottom of butt.   Round barrel length 39in.
English Enfield.

W0987     Rifled percussion musket, English Enfield, Tower, 1861, .58cal.
Lock is marked with a crown behind the hammer, and  "1861 / TOWER" in front.  Barrel is marked "(graphic) 24  (graphic) 24 (graphic)", which means .58cal.  Cartouche is found on the wood forward of the butt tang.  Round barrel length 39in.

W1109     Rifled percussion musket, English Enfield, Tower, 1861, .577cal.
Lock is marked with a crown behind the hammer, and  "1861 / TOWER" in front.   Barrel is marked "(graphic) 25 (graphic) 25 (graphic)", which means .577calName of the stock maker appears on bottom of butt, "CHARLES OSBORNE".   Round barrel length 39in.


Rifled percussion musket, English Enfield, Tower 1861, Confederate marks JS over anchor, .577cal.
 
The English Enfield muskets were developed for the British military and were generally thought to be superior to American made muskets of the period.  Many were exported, a number of American military units, both north and south purchased them, many were smuggled through the blockade to southern ports during the war. 
Musket was designed as a single shot .577 or .58 cal rifled muzzleloader featuring brass buttplate, contoured shaped hammer, fixed bolster, long range sight with single leaf and sliding scale, brass trigger guard, three rounded barrel bands held in place with screws and not springs, two strap hooks on muzzle band and trigger guard, ramrod with straight shank and wiper slot and threads, brass nose cap.  Lock is marked with a crown behind the hammer, and  "1861 / TOWER" in front.  Barrel is marked "(graphic) 25  (graphic) 25 (graphic)", which means .577calButtplate  is numbered "2851" there is faint cartouche in front of trigger guard, "JS" over an anchor, which is believed to be a Confederate mark.  Barrel has been shortened, strap hooks removed and nose cap is replaced with a Model 1842 nose cap, ramrod is trumpet head with a wiper slot, bore is faintly rifled.  Metal is brown with light pitting, wood is solid with dings, Enfield long range sight is intact, one band intact, strap hooks removed, appears that the nose cap and ramrod are modifications, bore is very dirty, there is faint remains of rifling.  Round barrel length, shortened to 27in.
English Enfield.

W1017     Rifled percussion musket, English Enfield, Tower 1861, Confederate marks JS over anchor, .577cal.


Rifled percussion musket, English Enfield, Tower 1862, .577cal.
 
The English Enfield muskets were developed for the British military and were generally thought to be superior to American made muskets of the period.  Many were exported, a number of American military units, both north and south purchased them, many were smuggled through the blockade to southern ports during the war.  Musket was designed as a single shot .577 or .58 cal rifled muzzleloader featuring brass buttplate, contoured shaped hammer, fixed bolster, long range sight with single leaf and sliding scale, brass trigger guard, three rounded barrel bands held in place with screws and not springs, two strap hooks on muzzle band and trigger guard, ramrod with straight shank and wiper slot and threads, brass nose cap.  Lock is marked with a crown behind the hammer, and  "1862 / TOWER" in front.  Round cartouche from Birmingham Armory is on the butt, "BIRMINGHAM / SMALL ARMS TRADE" with graphic of a crown and "B S A T", this means this weapon was made for commercial sale or export and not the British military.  The name of the stock maker may appear on the underside of the butt.  Barrel is marked "(graphic) 25  (graphic) 25 (graphic)", which means .577cal., or if "24", this is .58 cal.  Round barrel length 39in.
English Enfield.

W0669     Rifled percussion musket, English Enfield, Tower 1862, .577cal.
Lock is marked with a crown behind the hammer, and  "1862 / TOWER" in front.   Barrel is marked "(graphic) 25 (graphic) 25 (graphic)", which means .577cal.  Round barrel length 39in.

W0841     Rifled percussion musket, English Enfield, Tower 1862, .577cal.
W0841N.JPG (37666 bytes) W0841C.JPG (44400 bytes)
Lock is marked with a crown behind the hammer, and  "1862 / TOWER" in front.  Round cartouche from Birmingham Armory is on the butt, "BIRMINGHAM / SMALL ARMS TRADE" with graphic of a crown and "B S A T", this means this weapon was made for commercial sale or export and not the British military.  Barrel is marked "(graphic) 25  (graphic) 25 (graphic)", which means .577calAdditional cartouche appears in the wood near the butt tang.  Round barrel length 39in.

W0842     Rifled percussion musket, English Enfield, Tower 1862, .577cal.
Lock is marked with a crown behind the hammer, and  "1862 / TOWER" in front.   Barrel is marked "(graphic) 25 (graphic) 25 (graphic)", which means .577cal.  Round barrel length 39in.

W0893     Rifled percussion musket, English Enfield, Tower 1862, .58cal.
Lock is marked with a crown behind the hammer, and  "TOWER / 1862 " in front.   Barrel is marked "(graphic) 24  (graphic) 24 (graphic)", which means .58cal.  Round barrel length 39in.

W0976     Rifled percussion musket, English Enfield, Tower 1862, .577cal.
Lock is marked with a crown behind the hammer, and  "1862 / TOWER" in front.   Barrel is marked "(graphic) 25  (graphic) 25 (graphic)", which means .577cal.  Mark under the butt, "T MASTON" (?) is likely the stock maker, additional cartouche in front of the butt tang.  Round barrel length 39in.

W0977     Rifled percussion musket, English Enfield, Tower 1862, .577cal.
 
Lock is marked with a crown behind the hammer, and  "1862 / TOWER" in front.  Round cartouche from Birmingham Armory is on the butt, "BIRMINGHAM / SMALL ARMS TRADE" with graphic of a crown and "B S A T", this means this weapon was made for commercial sale or export and not the British military.  Barrel is marked "(graphic) 25  (graphic) 25 (graphic)", which means .577cal.  Round barrel length 39in.

W1041     Rifled percussion musket, English Enfield, Tower 1862, .577cal.
Lock is marked with a crown behind the hammer, and  "TOWER / 1862" in front.  Round cartouche from Birmingham Armory is on the butt, "BIRMINGHAM / SMALL ARMS TRADE" with graphic of a crown and "B S A T", this means this weapon was made for commercial sale or export and not the British military.  The name of the stock maker appears on the underside of the butt, "ISAAC HOTTEL & SONS".  Barrel is marked "(graphic) 25  (graphic) 25 (graphic)", which means .577cal.  Additional cartouche appears behind the trigger guard.  Round barrel length 39in.

W1042     Rifled percussion musket, English Enfield, Tower 1862, .577cal.
Lock is marked with a crown behind the hammer, and  "1862 / TOWER" in front.  Round cartouche from Birmingham Armory is on the butt, "BIRMINGHAM / SMALL ARMS TRADE" with graphic of a crown and "B S A T", this means this weapon was made for commercial sale or export and not the British military.  The name of the stock maker appears on the underside of the butt, "WL SARGANT".  Additional inspector cartouche appears behind the trigger guard.  Barrel is marked "(graphic) 25  (graphic) 25 (graphic)", which means .577cal.  Round barrel length 39in.

W1044     Rifled percussion musket, English Enfield, Tower 1862, .577cal.
Lock is marked with a crown behind the hammer, and  "1862 / TOWER" in front.  Round cartouche from Birmingham Armory is on the butt, "BIRMINGHAM / SMALL ARMS TRADE" with graphic of a crown and "B S A T", this means this weapon was made for commercial sale or export and not the British military.  The name of the stock maker appears on the underside of the butt, "BENTLEY & PLAYFAIR"Barrel is marked "(graphic) 25  (graphic) 25 (graphic)", which means .577cal.  Round barrel length 39in.

W1141     Rifled percussion musket, English Enfield, Tower 1862, .577cal.
 Lock is marked with a crown behind the hammer, and  "1862 / TOWER" in front.   Barrel is marked "(graphic) 25 (graphic) 25 (graphic)", which means .577cal.  Round barrel length 39in


Rifled percussion musket, English Enfield, Tower 1863, .577cal.
  The English Enfield muskets were developed for the British military and were generally thought to be superior to American made muskets of the period.  Many were exported, a number of American military units, both north and south purchased them, many were smuggled through the blockade to southern ports during the war.  Musket was designed as a single shot .577 or .58 cal rifled muzzleloader featuring brass buttplate, contoured shaped hammer, fixed bolster, long range sight with single leaf and sliding scale, brass trigger guard, three rounded barrel bands held in place with screws and not springs, two strap hooks on muzzle band and trigger guard, ramrod with straight shank and wiper slot and threads, brass nose cap.  Lock is marked with a crown behind the hammer, and  "1863 / TOWER" in front.  Round cartouche from Birmingham Armory is on the butt, "BIRMINGHAM / SMALL ARMS TRADE" with graphic of a crown and "B S A T", this means this weapon was made for commercial sale or export and not the British military.  The name of the stock maker may appear on the underside of the butt.  Barrel is marked "(graphic) 25  (graphic) 25 (graphic)", which means .577cal., or if "24" this is .58cal.  Round barrel length 39in.
English Enfield.

W0630     Rifled percussion musket, English Enfield, Tower 1863, .577cal.
Lock is marked with a crown behind the hammer, and  "1863 / TOWER" in front.   Barrel is marked "(graphic) 25 (graphic) 25 (graphic)", which means .577cal.  Additional oval cartouche on butt right side.  Round barrel length 39in.

W0702     Rifled percussion musket, English Enfield, Birmingham Armory, Tower 1863, .577cal.
Lock is marked with a crown behind the hammer, and  "1863 / TOWER" in front.  Round cartouche from Birmingham Armory is on the butt, "BIRMINGHAM / SMALL ARMS TRADE" with graphic of a crown and "B S A T", this means this weapon was made for commercial sale or export and not the British military.  The name of the stock maker may appear on the underside of the butt.  Barrel is marked "(graphic) 25  (graphic) 25 (graphic)", which means .577cal.  Round barrel length 39in.

W0765     Rifled percussion musket, English Enfield, Tower 1863, .577cal.
Lock is marked with a crown behind the hammer, and  "1863 / TOWER" in front.   Barrel is marked "(graphic) 25 (graphic) 25 (graphic)", which means .577cal.  Round barrel length 39in.

W0951     Rifled percussion musket, English Enfield, Tower 1863, .577cal.
Lock is marked with a crown behind the hammer, and  "TOWER / 1863 " in front.   Barrel is marked "(graphic) 25 (graphic) 25 (graphic)", which means .577cal.  Round barrel length 39in.


Rifled percussion musket, English Enfield, London Armory, 1862, .577cal.
 
The English Enfield muskets were developed for the British military and were generally thought to be superior to American made muskets of the period.  Many were exported, a number of American military units, both north and south purchased them, many were smuggled through the blockade to southern ports during the war. 
Musket was designed as a single shot .577 or .58 cal rifled muzzleloader featuring brass buttplate, contoured shaped hammer, fixed bolster, long range sight with single leaf and sliding scale, brass trigger guard, three rounded barrel bands held in place with screws and not springs, two strap hooks on muzzle band and trigger guard, ramrod with straight shank and wiper slot and threads, brass nose cap.  Lock is marked with a crown  and "VR" behind the hammer, and  "1862 / L. A. Co." in front.  Barrel is marked (crown over omega), "25" (which is .577 cal), (crown over "V"), and (double asterisks)., which means .577cal., or if  "24", this is .58cal.  Round London Armory cartouche appears on the butt right side, "LONDON ARMORY / BERMONDSEY/ 1862".  Name of the stock maker may also appear on the wood.  Round barrel length 39in.
English Enfield, London Armory 1862, .577 cal.

W0724     Rifled percussion musket, English Enfield, London Armory, Tower 1862, .577cal.
Lock is marked with a crown behind the hammer, and  "TOWER/ 1862 " in front.  Barrel is marked (crown over omega), "25" (which is .577 cal), (crown over "V"), and (double asterisks)., which means .577calThis may be musket produced by London Armory for the international commercial market, this is not confirmed., lock marks are distinctly different from the Birmingham Armory marks and the barrel marks match other muskets marked with London Armory.  Round barrel length 39in.

W0897     Rifled percussion musket, English Enfield, London Armory, 1862, .58cal.
Lock is marked with a crown  and "VR" behind the hammer, and  "1862 / L. A. Co." in front.  Barrel is marked with London Armory proof marks, 3 graphics: (crown over omega), (crown over "V"), and (double asterisks), note the caliber does not seem to be specifically indicated, .58 cal is tentatively assumed. Name of the stock maker also appears on the flat wood opposite the lock,
"BARNNETT / LONDON" and "MCCOOL".  Round barrel length 39in.

W1043     Rifled percussion musket, English Enfield, London Armory, 1862, .577cal.
Lock is marked with a crown  and "VR" behind the hammer, and  "1862 / L. A. Co." in front.  Barrel is marked (crown over omega), "25" (which is .577 cal), (crown over "V"), and (double asterisks)., which means .577cal.  Round London Armory cartouche appears on the butt right side, "LONDON ARMORY / BERMONDSEY/ 1862".  Cartouche of the stock maker also appear on the wood opposite the lock.  Round barrel length 39in.

W1070      Rifled percussion musket, English Enfield, London Armory, 1862, .577cal.

Complete information about this weapon is not available.  This is proof marks from an 1862 London Armory, .577 cal.  The graphic appears to be a series of four graphics:  (crown over omega), "25" (which is .577 cal), (crown over "V"), and (double asterisks).


Rifled percussion musket, Enfield style, J P Moore 1863, .577 cal.

This Enfield style musket was assembled by JP Moore New York who was a jobber for Colt.  Barrels were imported, some parts may have been made by Colt, others imported. This maker's name does not actually appear on the weapon which led to some speculation that this might have been a Confederate agent.  It is now believed that this maker was simply a secondary maker trying to make a money in the arms trade.  Musket was designed as a single shot .577cal. rifled muzzleloader featuring brass buttplate, contoured shaped hammer, fixed bolster, long range sight with single leaf and sliding scale, brass trigger guard, three rounded barrel bands held in place with screws and not springs, two strap hooks on muzzle band and trigger guard, ramrod with straight shank and wiper slot and threads, brass nose cap.  Lock is marked with an eagle over a shield with "M", behind the hammer, with "1863" in front.  Barrel is marked " (graphic)  25 (graphic) 25 (graphic) ".  Additional mark on the barrel, all were sold to state and local militia units, none were Federal inspected.  Serial number is marked on the nose of the barrel.  Barrel length 39 in.
Ref: Flayderman 9B-034.

W1102     Rifled percussion musket, Enfield style, J P Moore 1863, .577 cal. (#3194)
Lock is marked with an eagle over a shield with "M", behind the hammer, with "1863" in front.  Barrel is marked " (graphic)  25 (graphic) 25 (graphic) ".  Additional mark on the barrel, all were sold to state and local militia units, none were Federal inspected.  Serial number is marked on the nose of the barrel, "3194".  Barrel length 39 in.