The Civil War Relicman,
Harry Ridgeway
.

Winchester, Virginia, USA.
Civil War (pre 1898) weapons.

relicman.com.


Ridgeway Reference Archive, Civil War weapons.
Spencer carbines and rifles.

This is the "Ridgeway Reference Archive", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader.   Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author.  None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale.  This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items.  I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me.  All  items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described.   Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission.    This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.

All weapons listed on this webpage are strictly manufactured before 1898, and are considered unsafe for actual use.  These are antique collectible weapons of the Civil War (most are pre 1865, unless I state otherwise) and actual firing of these weapons is not recommended for any purpose whatsoever!  Because these are all "pre 1898" weapons, no licenses are required for ownership, but common sense and good judgment should be applied.



Seven shot rimfire carbine, Spencer Model 1860, "56/56" cartridge, without saddle ring, 52 cal.
Carbine was manufactured by Spencer Repeating Rifle Co., Boston, Massachusetts, carbines number from about 11,000 to 61,000, this weapon revolutionized carbines, it was the first repeating carbine to be significantly employed in the Civil War.  It could load seven all weather or metallic rim fire cartridges, which was a major advantage over the single shot paper cartridge percussion weapons previously employed.   The so called "56 / 56" cartridge was used, the bullet is actually .52 caliber, seven cartridges were loaded by a magazine tube fitted through the butt, iron buttplate and single band, cartridge was readied by raising and lowering a lever also serving as a trigger guard, chamber edges are sharp, bore has six lands and grooves, equipped with Spencer long range sight, this early version was never fitted with a saddle bar , strap hook on bottom of butt.  Mark on top of frame: "SPENCER REPEATING - / RIFLE CO. BOSTON. MASS. / PAT'D MARCH 6. 1860. ".  Serial number on rear of frame.  Cartouches on the left side on the butt are typically weak, additional inspector marks on the receiver, and barrel.   Barrel length, 22in.
Ref: Flayderman 9B-086.

W1322     Seven shot rimfire carbine, Spencer Model 1860, "56/56" cartridge, without saddle ring, 52 cal., (#1758)


Seven shot rimfire carbine, Spencer Model 1860, "56/56" cartridge., 52 cal.

Carbine was manufactured by Spencer Repeating Rifle Co., Boston, Massachusetts, carbines number from about 11,000 to 61,000, this weapon revolutionized carbines, it was the first repeating carbine to be significantly employed in the Civil War, Spencer rifles were first introduced by Custer's cavalry at Gettysburg, then the short carbines tipped the balance in the 1864 and 1865 cavalry campaigns, most notably in the Shenandoah Valley, Virginia.  It could load seven all weather or metallic rim fire cartridges, which was a major advantage over the single shot paper cartridge percussion weapons previously employed.   The so called "56 / 56" cartridge was used, the bullet is actually .52 caliber, seven cartridges were loaded by a magazine tube fitted through the butt, iron buttplate and single band, cartridge was readied by raising and lowering a lever also serving as a trigger guard, chamber edges are sharp, bore has six lands and grooves, equipped with Spencer long range sight, saddle bar and ring on left side for hanging from a sling, strap hook on bottom of butt.  Mark on top of frame: "SPENCER REPEATING - / RIFLE CO. BOSTON. MASS. / PAT'D MARCH 6. 1860. ".  Serial number on rear of frame.  Cartouches on the left side on the butt are typically weak, additional inspector marks on the receiver, and barrel.   Barrel length, 22in.
Ref: Flayderman 9B-086.

W1331.     Seven shot rimfire carbine, Spencer Model 1860, "56/56" cartridge., 52 cal., (#14594).

W0835     Seven shot rimfire carbine, Spencer Model 1860, "56/56" cartridge., 52 cal. (#17262)

W1332.     Seven shot rimfire carbine, Spencer Model 1860, "56/56" cartridge., 52 cal., (#19370).

W1333.     Seven shot rimfire carbine, Spencer Model 1860, "56/56" cartridge., 52 cal., (#21046).

W1182     Seven shot rimfire carbine, Spencer Model 1860, "56/56" cartridge., 52 cal. (#21255)
 

W1323     Seven shot rimfire carbine, Spencer Model 1860, "56/56" cartridge., 52 cal., (#22307).

W0559     Seven shot rimfire carbine, Spencer Model 1860, "56/56" cartridge., 52 cal., (#29670)

W1334.     Seven shot rimfire carbine, Spencer Model 1860, "56/56" cartridge., 52 cal., (30255).

W1335.     Seven shot rimfire carbine, Spencer Model 1860, "56/56" cartridge., 52 cal., (#30625).
 

W1266     Seven shot rimfire carbine, Spencer Model 1860, "56/56" cartridge., 52 cal., (#34651)
 

W0764    Seven shot rimfire carbine, Spencer Model 1860, "56/56" cartridge., 52 cal. (#35026)

W1317     Seven shot rimfire carbine, Spencer Model 1860, "56/56" cartridge., 52 cal., attributed to John Johnston, First West Virginia cavalry, (#35694)

Old Court House Civil War Museum collection.

W0840     Seven shot rimfire carbine, Spencer Model 1860, "56/56" cartridge., 52 cal. (#36019)

W0901     Seven shot rimfire carbine, Spencer Model 1860, "56/56" cartridge., 52 cal.  (#36076)
 

W0836     Seven shot rimfire carbine, Spencer Model 1860, "56/56" cartridge., 52 cal. (#36430)
  

W1184     Seven shot rimfire carbine, Spencer Model 1860, "56/56" cartridge., 52 cal. (#36999)

W0839     Seven shot rimfire carbine, Spencer Model 1860, "56/56" cartridge., 52 cal. (#38213)

W0633     Seven shot rimfire carbine, Spencer Model 1860, "56/56" cartridge., 52 cal. (#38710)

W1295     Seven shot rimfire carbine, Spencer Model 1860, "56/56" cartridge., 52 cal., (#38966)

W1353.     Seven shot rimfire carbine, Spencer Model 1860, "56/56" cartridge., 52 cal., (#41177).

W1372.     Seven shot rimfire carbine, Spencer Model 1860, "56/56" cartridge., 52 cal., (#42307).

W1363.     Seven shot rimfire carbine, Spencer Model 1860, "56/56" cartridge., 52 cal., (#43605).

W0763     Seven shot rimfire carbine, Spencer Model 1860, "56/56" cartridge., 52 cal. (#44010)

W0513    Seven shot rimfire carbine, Spencer Model 1860, "56/56" cartridge., 52 cal. (#47414)

W1268     Seven shot rimfire carbine, Spencer Model 1860, "56/56" cartridge., 52 cal., (#47794)
 

W1183     Seven shot rimfire carbine, Spencer Model 1860, "56/56" cartridge., 52 cal. (#50764)

W1267     Seven shot rimfire carbine, Spencer Model 1860, "56/56" cartridge., 52 cal., (#51535)

W1047     Seven shot rimfire carbine, Spencer Model 1860, "56/56" cartridge., 52 cal. (#51543)

W0799     Seven shot rimfire carbine, Spencer Model 1860, "56/56" cartridge., 52 cal. (#52689)
W0799C.JPG (31239 bytes) W0799G.JPG (43416 bytes)

W1360.     Seven shot rimfire carbine, Spencer Model 1860, "56/56" cartridge., 52 cal., (#53780).

W0857     Seven shot rimfire carbine, Spencer Model 1860, "56/56" cartridge., 52 cal. (#54788)

W1080    Seven shot rimfire carbine, Spencer Model 1860, "56/56" cartridge., 52 cal. (#55298)

W1121     Seven shot rimfire carbine, Spencer Model 1860, "56/56" cartridge., 52 cal. (#55335)

W0650     Seven shot rimfire carbine, Spencer Model 1860, "56/56" cartridge., 52 cal. (#56212)

W1075     Seven shot rimfire carbine, Spencer Model 1860, "56/56" cartridge., 52 cal. (#56789)

W1336.     Seven shot rimfire carbine, Spencer Model 1860, "56/56" cartridge., 52 cal., (#58009).

W0659     Seven shot rimfire carbine, Spencer Model 1860, "56/56" cartridge., 52 cal. (#58451)

W0514     Seven shot rimfire carbine, Spencer Model 1860, "56/56" cartridge., 52 cal. (#60243)

W0572     Seven shot rimfire carbine, Spencer Model 1860, "56/56" cartridge., 52 cal. (#60710)

W1337.     Seven shot rimfire carbine, Spencer Model 1860, "56/56" cartridge., 52 cal., (#61438).


Seven shot rimfire breech-loading rifle, Spencer Model 1860, "56/56" cartridge., 52 cal.

This weapon revolutionized carbines, it was the first repeating carbine to be significantly employed in the Civil War, Spencer rifles were first introduced by Custer's cavalry at Gettysburg, then the short carbines tipped the balance in the 1864 and 1865 cavalry campaigns, most notably in the Shenandoah Valley, Virginia.  It could load seven all weather or metallic rim fire cartridges, which was a major advantage over the single shot paper cartridge percussion weapons previously employed.   Manufactured by Spencer Repeating Rifle Co., Boston, Massachusetts, initial  production to approximately 11,000 were mostly rifles, later numbers produced as needed.  The so called "56 / 56" cartridge was used, the bullet is actually .52 caliber, seven cartridges were loaded by a magazine tube fitted through the butt, iron buttplate, three bands, iron nose cap, cartridge was readied by raising and lowering a lever also serving as a trigger guard, chamber edges are sharp, bore has six lands and grooves, equipped with Spencer long range sight, saddle bar not installed on the rifle, strap hooks on bottom of butt and second band.  Mark on top of frame: "SPENCER REPEATING - / RIFLE CO. BOSTON. MASS. / PAT'D MARCH 6. 1860. ".  Serial number on rear of receiver.   Cartouches on the left side on the butt are typically weak, , additional inspector marks, on the barrel.  Barrel length 30in.
Ref: Flayderman 9B-093.

W1046     Seven shot rimfire breech-loading rifle, Spencer Model 1860, "56/56" cartridge., 52 cal. (#6204)

W0773     Seven shot rimfire breech-loading rifle, Spencer Model 1860, "56/56" cartridge., 52 cal. (#9749)
W0773C.JPG (29874 bytes) W0773G.JPG (23280 bytes)

W0656     Seven shot rimfire breech-loading rifle, Spencer Model 1860, "56/56" cartridge., 52 cal. (#22984)

W1350.     Seven shot rimfire breech-loading rifle, Spencer Model 1860, "56/56" cartridge., 52 cal. (#23032), attribution to 105th PA Vol Inf.


W1321     Seven shot rimfire breech-loading rifle, Spencer Model 1860, "56/56" cartridge., 52 cal., (#23266)
 


Seven shot rimfire carbine, Spencer Model 1860, with 1865 modifications, Stabler cutoff using "56/52" cartridge., , 52 cal.
Carbine was manufactured by Spencer Repeating Rifle Co., Boston, Massachusetts, carbines number from about 11,000 to 61,000, this weapon revolutionized carbines, it was the first repeating carbine to be significantly employed in the Civil War, Spencer rifles were first introduced by Custer's cavalry at Gettysburg, then the short carbines tipped the balance in the 1864 and 1865 cavalry campaigns, most notably in the Shenandoah Valley, Virginia.  It could load seven all weather or metallic rim fire cartridges, which was a major advantage over the single shot paper cartridge percussion weapons previously employed.   The so called "56 / 56" cartridge was originally used, the bullet is actually .52 caliber, seven cartridges were loaded by a magazine tube fitted through the butt, iron buttplate and single band, cartridge was readied by raising and lowering a lever also serving as a trigger guard, chamber edges are sharp, bore originally had  six lands and grooves, equipped with Spencer long range sight, saddle bar and ring on left side for hanging from a sling, strap hook on bottom of butt.   Mark on top of frame: "SPENCER REPEATING - / RIFLE CO. BOSTON. MASS. / PAT'D MARCH 6. 1860", serial number on rear of frameIn 1865 a number of carbines were returned to the arsenals for modification.  The spring feed through the butt had a tendency to foul, the "Stabler" cutoff was installed, this was a device that would block the feed, the carbine was then operated as a single shot breechloader, the sharp edge of the chamber was milled rounded to facilitate loading.  A square notch was cut into the bottom of the receiver, the smooth thumb stall from the Model 1860  magazine was replaced with the new serrated thumb stall used on the Model 1865, and the new model 1865 hammer with beveled edge was installed.  The barrel was reworked from six lands and grooves to three, original length of 22inches was retained. Cartouches on the left side on the butt are typically weak, additional inspector marks on the receiver, and barrel.   Barrel length, 22in.
Ref: Flayderman 9B-087.

W1343.     Seven shot rimfire carbine, Spencer Model 1860, with 1865 modifications, Stabler cutoff using "56/52" cartridge., , 52 cal., (#39254).