The Civil War Relicman,
Harry Ridgeway
.

Winchester, Virginia, USA.
Civil War (pre 1898) weapons.

relicman.com.


Ridgeway Reference Archive, Civil War weapons.
Sharps carbines and rifles.

This is the "Ridgeway Reference Archive", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader.   Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author.  None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale.  This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items.  I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me.  All  items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described.   Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission.    This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.

All weapons listed on this webpage are strictly manufactured before 1898, and are considered unsafe for actual use.  These are antique collectible weapons of the Civil War (most are pre 1865, unless I state otherwise) and actual firing of these weapons is not recommended for any purpose whatsoever!  Because these are all "pre 1898" weapons, no licenses are required for ownership, but common sense and good judgment should be applied.



Single shot percussion carbine, Sharps Model 1852, "slanting breech", .52cal.
W0800.JPG (17109 bytes) Carbine was manufactured Robbins & Lawrence, Windsor Vermont for Sharps Rifle Manufacturing Co., Hartford, Connecticut, serial numbers for the Model 1852 generally run 2,050 to 7,500.  This early version of the Sharps carbine, available well before the Civil War, was a single shot percussion breechloader using paper cartridge and revolutionized hand weaponry.  The Model 1852 began the series of "slanting breech" carbines, so called based on the angled position of the breech on the frame.  It featured a brass buttplate, brass patchbox, iron loading lever serves as a trigger guard, one brass band, percussion nipple was designed to utilize a tape primer system that did not work very well and was usually disabled, but conventional cap served effectively, hinged Sharps sight, long saddle bar and riding ring on left side, rifling with six lands and grooves.  Mark  on top of barrel: "SHARPS RIFLE / MANUFG CO. /  HARTFORD, CONN."   Mark on breech tang: "C. SHARPS / PATENT / 1848" and serial number.  Mark on the receiver: "C. SHARPS' / PATENT / 1852".  Barrel length 21.5in.
Ref: Flayderman 5F-005.

W0800     Single shot percussion carbine, Sharps Model 1852, "slanting breech", .52cal. (#5042)
W0800D.JPG (26226 bytes) W0800J.JPG (28796 bytes) 


Single shot percussion breech-loading rifle, Sharps Model 1853, "slanting breech", .52cal.
 Carbine was manufactured by Sharps Rifle Manufacturing Co., Hartford, Connecticut, serial numbers for the Model 1853 generally run 9,000 to 19,000.  The Model 1853 played a prominent role in the Kansas struggle and is sometimes referred to as the "John Brown Sharps" or "Beecher's Bibles", it was available well before the Civil War, was mostly bought by private individuals or militia groups, and was a single shot percussion breechloader using paper cartridge.  The Model 1853 was essentially the same weapon as the Model 1852 and continued use of the "slanting breech", so called based on the angled position of the breech on the frame.  This is the long rifle.  It featured a brass buttplate, brass patchbox, iron loading lever serves as a trigger guard, one brass band, percussion nipple was designed to utilize a tape primer system that did not work very well and was usually disabled, but conventional cap served effectively, hinged Sharps long range sight, rifling with six lands and grooves.  Mark  on top of barrel: "SHARPS RIFLE / MANUFG CO. /  HARTFORD, CONN."   Mark on breech tang: "C. SHARPS / PATENT / 1848" and serial number.  Mark on the receiver: "C. SHARPS' / PATENT / 1852".  Barrel length 27in.
Ref: Flayderman 5F-011.

W1101     Single shot percussion breech-loading rifle, Sharps Model 1853, "slanting breech", .52cal. (#14091)


Single shot percussion carbine, Sharps New Model 1859, brass patchbox, brass band, .52cal.
Carbine was manufactured by Sharps Rifle Manufacturing Co., Hartford, Connecticut, serial numbers for the "New Model 1859" generally run 30,000 to 75,000, some overlap with other models, early production about 3,000 manufactured with brass furniture.  The Sharps carbine was the most significantly utilized carbine of the Civil War, it  was a single shot percussion breechloader using paper cartridge and and revolutionized hand weaponry.  The Model 1859 began the new "straight breech" series of models, early production had brass buttplate, brass patchbox, iron loading lever serves as a trigger guard, one brass band, percussion nipple was designed to utilize a tape primer system that did not work very well and was usually disabled, but conventional cap served effectively, hinged Sharps sight, saddle bar and riding ring on left side, rifling with six lands and grooves.  Mark on top of barrel, "NEW MODEL 1859.".  Mark on sight, "R.S. LAWRENCE / PATENTED / FEB. 15TH 1859.".  Mark forward of sight, "SHARPS RIFLE / MANUFG. CO. / HARTFORD  CONN."   Notches on top of barrel and receiver for alignment.  Mark on lock near center: "C. SHARPS' PAT. / OCT. 5TH 1852."  Mark upper lock: "R. S. LAWRENCE' PAT. / APRIL 12TH 1859."  Mark left side of receiver: "C. SHARPS' PAT. / SEPT. 12TH 1848. Serial number on rear breech. Cartouches on wood on left side beneath the saddle bar indicate government inspection.  Barrel length 22in.
Ref: Flayderman 5F-019, (brass patchbox, brass band).

W0539     Single shot percussion carbine, Sharps New Model 1859, brass patchbox, brass band, .52cal. (#31343)
 

Single shot percussion carbine, Sharps New Model 1859, brass patchbox, iron band, .52cal.
Carbine was manufactured by Sharps Rifle Manufacturing Co., Hartford, Connecticut, serial numbers for the "New Model 1859" generally run 30,000 to 75,000, some overlap with other models.The Sharps carbine was the most significantly utilized carbine of the Civil War, it  was a single shot percussion breechloader using paper cartridge and and revolutionized hand weaponry.    The Model 1859 began the new "straight breech" series of models, later production had brass buttplate, brass patchbox, iron loading lever serves as a trigger guard, one iron band, percussion nipple was designed to utilize a tape primer system that did not work very well and was usually disabled, but conventional cap served effectively, hinged Sharps sight, saddle bar and riding ring on left side, rifling with six lands and grooves.  Mark on top of barrel, "NEW MODEL 1859.".  Mark on sight, "R.S. LAWRENCE / PATENTED / FEB. 15TH 1859.".  Mark forward of sight, "SHARPS RIFLE / MANUFG. CO. / HARTFORD  CONN."   Notches on top of barrel and receiver for alignment.  Mark on lock near center: "C. SHARPS' PAT. / OCT. 5TH 1852."  Mark upper lock: "R. S. LAWRENCE' PAT. / APRIL 12TH 1859."  Mark left side of receiver: "C. SHARPS' PAT. / SEPT. 12TH 1848. Serial number on rear breech. Cartouches on wood on left side beneath the saddle bar indicate government inspection.  Barrel length 22in.
Ref: Flayderman 5F-019, (brass patchbox, iron band).

W0662     Single shot percussion carbine, Sharps New Model 1859, brass patchbox, iron band, .52cal. (#34902)


Single shot percussion carbine, Sharps New Model 1859, iron patchbox, iron band, .52cal.
 Carbine was manufactured by Sharps Rifle Manufacturing Co., Hartford, Connecticut, serial numbers for the "New Model 1859" generally run 30,000 to 75,000, some overlap with other models. The Sharps carbine was the most significantly utilized carbine of the Civil War, it  was a single shot percussion breechloader using paper cartridge and and revolutionized hand weaponry.   The Model 1859 began the new "straight breech" series of models, later production had iron buttplate, iron patchbox, iron loading lever serves as a trigger guard, one iron band, percussion nipple was designed to utilize a tape primer system that did not work very well and was usually disabled, but conventional cap served effectively, hinged Sharps sight, saddle bar and riding ring on left side, rifling with six lands and grooves.  Mark on top of barrel, "NEW MODEL 1859.".  Mark on sight, "R.S. LAWRENCE / PATENTED / FEB. 15TH 1859.".  Mark forward of sight, "SHARPS RIFLE / MANUFG. CO. / HARTFORD  CONN."   Notches on top of barrel and receiver for alignment.  Mark on lock near center: "C. SHARPS' PAT. / OCT. 5TH 1852."  Mark upper lock: "R. S. LAWRENCE' PAT. / APRIL 12TH 1859."  Mark left side of receiver: "C. SHARPS' PAT. / SEPT. 12TH 1848. Serial number on rear breech. Cartouches on wood on left side beneath the saddle bar indicate government inspection.  Barrel length 22in.
Ref: Flayderman 5F-019.

W1051     Single shot percussion carbine, Sharps New Model 1859, iron patchbox, iron band, .52cal. (#46280)

W0658     Single shot percussion carbine, Sharps New Model 1859, iron patchbox, iron band, .52cal. (#51638)

W0967     Single shot percussion carbine, Sharps New Model 1859, iron patchbox, iron band, .52cal. (#53036)

W0899     Single shot percussion carbine, Sharps New Model 1859, iron patchbox, iron band, .52cal. (#62288)
 

W0837     Single shot percussion carbine, Sharps New Model 1859, iron patchbox, iron band, .52cal. (#62506)

W0834     Single shot percussion carbine, Sharps New Model 1859, iron patchbox, iron band, .52cal. (#69099)

W0900     Single shot percussion carbine, Sharps New Model 1859, iron patchbox, iron band, .52cal. (#72770)


Single shot percussion carbine, Sharps New Model 1859, iron band, .52cal.
Carbine was manufactured by Sharps Rifle Manufacturing Co., Hartford, Connecticut, serial numbers for the "New Model 1859" generally run 30,000 to 75,000, some overlap with other models. The Sharps carbine was the most significantly utilized carbine of the Civil War, it  was a single shot percussion breechloader using paper cartridge and and revolutionized hand weaponry.   The Model 1859 began the new "straight breech" series of models, later production had iron buttplate, this model was produced without the patchbox, iron loading lever serves as a trigger guard, one iron band, percussion nipple was designed to utilize a tape primer system that did not work very well and was usually disabled, but conventional cap served effectively, hinged Sharps sight, saddle bar and riding ring on left side, rifling with six lands and grooves.  Mark on top of barrel, "NEW MODEL 1859.".  Mark on sight, "R.S. LAWRENCE / PATENTED / FEB. 15TH 1859.".  Mark forward of sight, "SHARPS RIFLE / MANUFG. CO. / HARTFORD  CONN."   Notches on top of barrel and receiver for alignment.  Mark on lock near center: "C. SHARPS' PAT. / OCT. 5TH 1852."  Mark upper lock: "R. S. LAWRENCE' PAT. / APRIL 12TH 1859."  Mark left side of receiver: "C. SHARPS' PAT. / SEPT. 12TH 1848. Serial number on rear breech. Cartouches on wood on left side beneath the saddle bar indicate government inspection.  Barrel length 22in.
Ref: Flayderman 5F-019.

W1289     Single shot percussion carbine, Sharps New Model 1859, iron band, .52cal., (#60397).
 


Single shot percussion breech-loading rifle, Sharps New Model 1859, configured for saber bayonet, .52cal.
 Rifle was manufactured by Sharps Rifle Manufacturing Co., Hartford, Connecticut, serial numbers for the "New Model 1859" generally run 30,000 to 75,000, some overlap with other models.  The Sharps carbine was the most significantly utilized carbine of the Civil War, it  was a single shot percussion breechloader using paper cartridge and and revolutionized hand weaponry.    The longer rifle was well suited for marksmen, later production had iron buttplate, iron patchbox, iron loading lever serves as a trigger guard, three iron bands and a nose cap, percussion nipple was designed to utilize a tape primer system that did not work very well and was usually disabled, but conventional cap served effectively, hinged Sharps sight, two strap hooks one on the butt and the other on the second band, no saddle bar, rifling with six lands and grooves.  Nose has conventional forward sight and is configured to take a saber bayonet.  Mark on top of barrel, "NEW MODEL 1859.".  Mark on sight, "R.S. LAWRENCE / PATENTED / FEB. 15TH 1859.".  Mark forward of sight, "SHARPS RIFLE / MANUFG. CO. / HARTFORD  CONN."   Notches on top of barrel and receiver for alignment.  Mark on lock near center: "C. SHARPS' PAT. / OCT. 5TH 1852."  Mark upper lock: "R. S. LAWRENCE' PAT. / APRIL 12TH 1859."  Mark left side of receiver: "C. SHARPS' PAT. / SEPT. 12TH 1848. Serial number on rear breech. Cartouches on wood on left side beneath the saddle bar indicate government inspection.  Barrel length 30in.
Ref: Flayderman 5F-023, (configured for saber bayonet).

W0652     Single shot percussion breech-loading rifle, Sharps New Model 1859, configured for saber bayonet, .52cal. (#38733)


Single shot percussion breech-loading rifle, Sharps New Model 1859, configured for socket bayonet, .52cal.
Rifle was manufactured by Sharps Rifle Manufacturing Co., Hartford, Connecticut, serial numbers for the "New Model 1859" generally run 30,000 to 75,000, some overlap with other models. The Sharps carbine was the most significantly utilized carbine of the Civil War, it  was a single shot percussion breechloader using paper cartridge and and revolutionized hand weaponry.    The longer rifle was well suited for marksmen, later production had iron buttplate, iron patchbox, iron loading lever serves as a trigger guard, three iron bands and a nose cap, percussion nipple was designed to utilize a tape primer system that did not work very well and was usually disabled, but conventional cap served effectively, hinged Sharps sight, two strap hooks one on the butt and the other on the second band, no saddle bar, rifling with six lands and grooves.  Nose has conventional forward sight and is configured to take a socket bayonet.  Mark on top of barrel, "NEW MODEL 1859.".  Mark on sight, "R.S. LAWRENCE / PATENTED / FEB. 15TH 1859.".  Mark forward of sight, "SHARPS RIFLE / MANUFG. CO. / HARTFORD  CONN."   Notches on top of barrel and receiver for alignment.  Mark on lock near center: "C. SHARPS' PAT. / OCT. 5TH 1852."  Mark upper lock: "R. S. LAWRENCE' PAT. / APRIL 12TH 1859."  Mark left side of receiver: "C. SHARPS' PAT. / SEPT. 12TH 1848. Serial number on rear breech. Cartouches on wood on left side beneath the saddle bar indicate government inspection (no cartouches visible on this example).  Barrel length 30in.
Ref: Flayderman 5F-023.5, (configured for socket bayonet).

W1045     Single shot percussion breech-loading rifle, Sharps New Model 1859, configured for socket bayonet, .52cal. (#39348)

W0860     Single shot percussion breech-loading rifle, Sharps New Model 1859, configured for socket bayonet, .52cal. (#39716)

W0673     Single shot percussion breech-loading rifle, Sharps New Model 1859, configured for socket bayonet, .52cal. (#40109)


Single shot percussion carbine, Sharps New Model 1863, .52cal.
 Carbine was manufactured by Sharps Rifle Manufacturing Co., Hartford, Connecticut, serial numbers for the "New Model 1863" generally run 75,000 to 140,000, some overlap with other models. The Sharps carbine was the most significantly utilized carbine of the Civil War, it was a single shot percussion breechloader using paper cartridge and and revolutionized hand weaponry.    The Model 1863, reflected only minor improvements over the Model 1859, mostly elimination of the patchbox.  Standard features include an iron buttplate, iron loading lever serves as a trigger guard, one iron band, percussion nipple was designed to utilize a tape primer system that did not work very well and was usually disabled, but conventional cap served effectively, hinged Sharps sight, saddle bar and riding ring on left side, rifling with six lands and grooves.  Mark on top of barrel, "NEW MODEL 1863.".  Mark on sight, "R.S. LAWRENCE / PATENTED / FEB. 15TH 1859.".  Mark forward of sight, "SHARPS RIFLE / MANUFG. CO. / HARTFORD  CONN."   Notches on top of barrel and receiver for alignment.  Mark on lock near center: "C. SHARPS' PAT. / OCT. 5TH 1852."  Mark upper lock: "R. S. LAWRENCE' PAT. / APRIL 12TH 1859."  Mark left side of receiver: "C. SHARPS' PAT. / SEPT. 12TH 1848. Serial number on rear breech.  Cartouches on wood on left side beneath the saddle bar indicate government inspection, additional inspector marks, on the barrel.  Barrel length 22in.
Ref: Flayderman 5F-021.

W1151     Single shot percussion carbine, Sharps New Model 1863, .52cal. (#59825)

W0750     Single shot percussion carbine, Sharps New Model 1863, .52cal. (#65457)

W1303     Single shot percussion carbine, Sharps New Model 1863, .52cal., (#72520)

W0871     Single shot percussion carbine, Sharps New Model 1863, .52cal. (#86800)

W1178     Single shot percussion carbine, Sharps New Model 1863, .52cal. (#93626)

W1165     Single shot percussion carbine, Sharps New Model 1863, .52cal. (#95771)

W0721     Single shot percussion carbine, Sharps New Model 1863, .52cal. (#96592)

W1339.     Single shot percussion carbine, Sharps New Model 1863, .52cal., (#98840).

W1361.     Single shot percussion carbine, Sharps New Model 1863, .52cal., (#98944).

W1340.     Single shot percussion carbine, Sharps New Model 1863, .52cal., (99484).

W0482     Single shot percussion carbine, Sharps New Model 1863, .52cal. (#99563)

W0807     Single shot percussion carbine, Sharps New Model 1863, .52cal. (#C7164)
W0807C.JPG (27599 bytes) W0807I.JPG (31806 bytes)

W0922     Single shot percussion carbine, Sharps New Model 1863, .52cal. (#C10325)

W0832     Single shot percussion carbine, Sharps New Model 1863, .52cal. (#C11091)

W0833     Single shot percussion carbine, Sharps New Model 1863, .52cal. (#C11382)

W1364.     Single shot percussion carbine, Sharps New Model 1863, .52cal., (#C13848).

W0752     Single shot percussion carbine, Sharps New Model 1863, .52cal. (#C14477)

W0738    Single shot percussion carbine, Sharps New Model 1863, .52cal. (#C17459)

W1341.     Single shot percussion carbine, Sharps New Model 1863, .52cal., (C19671).

W1146     Single shot percussion carbine, Sharps New Model 1863, .52cal., (#C22611).

W0838     Single shot percussion carbine, Sharps New Model 1863, .52cal. (#C24038)

W0534     Single shot percussion carbine, Sharps New Model 1863, .52cal. (#C28232)

W0740     Single shot percussion carbine, Sharps New Model 1863, .52cal. (#C28623)

Single shot percussion carbine, Sharps New Model 1863, Navy or special order, with patchbox, no riding ring, .52cal.
 Carbine was manufactured by Sharps Rifle Manufacturing Co., Hartford, Connecticut, serial numbers for the "New Model 1863" generally run 75,000 to 140,000, some overlap with other models.  The Sharps carbine was the most significantly utilized carbine of the Civil War, it was a single shot percussion breechloader using paper cartridge and and revolutionized hand weaponry.  The Model 1863, reflected only minor improvements over the Model 1859, mostly elimination of the patchbox.  Standard features include an iron buttplate, iron loading lever serves as a trigger guard, one iron band, percussion nipple was designed to utilize a tape primer system that did not work very well and was usually disabled, but conventional cap served effectively, hinged Sharps sight, saddle bar and riding ring on left side, rifling with six lands and grooves.   This piece, which does not have a saddle bar or riding ring, may have either been a special order for the Navy or other specialized use.  Mark on top of barrel, "NEW MODEL 1863.".  Mark on sight, "R.S. LAWRENCE / PATENTED / FEB. 15TH 1859.".  Mark forward of sight, "SHARPS RIFLE / MANUFG. CO. / HARTFORD  CONN."   Notches on top of barrel and receiver for alignment.  Mark on lock near center: "C. SHARPS' PAT. / OCT. 5TH 1852."  Mark upper lock: "R. S. LAWRENCE' PAT. / APRIL 12TH 1859."  Mark left side of receiver: "C. SHARPS' PAT. / SEPT. 12TH 1848.".  Serial number on rear breech.  Cartouches on wood on left side beneath the saddle bar indicate government inspection.  Barrel length 22in.
Ref: Flayderman 5F-020, (with patchbox, and without riding ring).

W0921     Single shot percussion carbine, Sharps New Model 1863, Navy or special order, with patchbox, no riding ring, .52cal. (#C34130)
 


Single shot percussion breech-loading rifle, Sharps New Model 1863, configured for socket bayonet, .52cal.
Rifle was manufactured by Sharps Rifle Manufacturing Co., Hartford, Connecticut, serial numbers for the "New Model 1863" generally run 75,000 to 140,000, some overlap with other models.  The Sharps carbine was the most significantly utilized carbine of the Civil War, it was a single shot percussion breechloader using paper cartridge and and revolutionized hand weaponry.  The longer rifle was well suited for marksmen, iron buttplate, iron patchbox, iron loading lever serves as a trigger guard, three iron bands and a nose cap, percussion nipple was designed to utilize a tape primer system that did not work very well and was usually disabled, but conventional cap served effectively, hinged Sharps sight, two strap hooks one on the butt and the other on the second band, no saddle bar, rifling with six lands and grooves.  Nose has conventional forward sight and is configured to take a socket bayonet.  Mark on top of barrel, "NEW MODEL 1863.".  Mark on sight, "R.S. LAWRENCE / PATENTED / FEB. 15TH 1859.".  Mark forward of sight, "SHARPS RIFLE / MANUFG. CO. / HARTFORD  CONN."   Notches on top of barrel and receiver for alignment.  Mark on lock near center: "C. SHARPS' PAT. / OCT. 5TH 1852."  Mark upper lock: "R. S. LAWRENCE' PAT. / APRIL 12TH 1859."  Mark left side of receiver: "C. SHARPS' PAT. / SEPT. 12TH 1848. Serial number on rear breech. Cartouches on wood on left side beneath the saddle bar indicate government inspection, additional inspector mark on the barrel.  Barrel length 30in.
Ref: Flayderman F5-025, (configured for socket bayonet).

W1349.     Single shot percussion breech-loading rifle, Sharps New Model 1863, configured for socket bayonet, .52cal., (#C34935), attribution to George Loth, Company K 4th Veteran Volunteers.
 

W0540     Single shot percussion breech-loading rifle, Sharps New Model 1863, configured for socket bayonet, .52cal. (#C38815)
 

W0852     Single shot percussion breech-loading rifle, Sharps New Model 1863, configured for socket bayonet, .52cal. (#C38916)


Single shot metal cartridge carbine, Sharps New Model 1863, conversion to 50-70 rimfire, .52cal.
 Rifle was manufactured by Sharps Rifle Manufacturing Co., Hartford, Connecticut, serial numbers for the "New Model 1863" generally run 75,000 to 140,000, some overlap with other models.  The Sharps carbine was the most significantly utilized carbine of the Civil War, it was a single shot percussion breechloader using paper cartridge and and revolutionized hand weaponry.  Standard features include an iron buttplate, iron loading lever serves as a trigger guard, one iron band, hinged Sharps sight, saddle bar and riding ring on left side.  After the Civil War, many of the Model 1863 percussion models were converted to utilize the new 50/70 center fire cartridges, the percussion nipple was replaced with the center firing pin, and most of the barrels were re-lined from .52 cal to .50 cal., the new rifling reflected three wide lands and grooves, versus the six narrow lands and grooves in the original model.  A new inspector mark in the form of a ribbon was added on the butt once the gun had been refurbished and refitted.  Mark on top of barrel, "NEW MODEL 1863.".  Mark on sight, "R.S. LAWRENCE / PATENTED / FEB. 15TH 1859.".  Mark forward of sight, "SHARPS RIFLE / MANUFG. CO. / HARTFORD  CONN."   Notches on top of barrel and receiver for alignment.  Mark on lock near center: "C. SHARPS' PAT. / OCT. 5TH 1852."  Mark upper lock: "R. S. LAWRENCE' PAT. / APRIL 12TH 1859."  Mark left side of receiver: "C. SHARPS' PAT. / SEPT. 12TH 1848. Serial number on rear breech.  Cartouches on wood on left side beneath the saddle bar indicate government inspection, additional inspector marks, on the barrel and butt.  Barrel length 22in.
Ref: Flayderman 5F-030.

W1022     Single shot metal cartridge carbine, Sharps New Model 1863, conversion to 50-70 rimfire, .52cal. (#C28199)

W1192     Single shot metal cartridge carbine, Sharps New Model 1863, conversion to 50-70 rimfire, .52cal., (#85004)