The Civil War Relicman,
Harry Ridgeway.

Winchester, Virginia USA (changed hands 70 times in the Civil War!).

relicman.com.


Ridgeway Reference Archive, Civil War buttons.
Federal Navy one part flat buttons.

This is the "Ridgeway Reference Archive", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader.   Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author.  None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale.  This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items.  I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. All  items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described.   Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission.    This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.



Federal Navy button, eagle facing left over upright anchor, one part flat, Gilt with stars, (16mm)
Button depicts eagle over upright anchor surrounded by 16 stars, pattern prevalent from the 1830's to 1850's, generally intended for Federal Navy officers.  This pattern features eagle facing left surrounded by thirteen stars on a lined field with oval border surrounded by outer rope border.  Backmark: "GILT / (8 stars with alternating dots) " rm between two rings, English manufacture ca 1830's, (Gilt02).   One part flat button, hat or sleeve size.
Ref: Albert NA81Bv (as corrected).


B5609     Federal Navy button, eagle facing left over upright anchor, one part flat, Gilt with stars, (16mm)
Button depicts eagle over upright anchor surrounded by 16 stars, pattern prevalent from the 1830's to 1850's, generally intended for Federal Navy officers.  This pattern features eagle facing left surrounded by thirteen stars on a lined field with oval border surrounded by outer rope border.  Backmark: "GILT / (8 stars with alternating dots) " rm between two rings, English manufacture ca 1830's, (Gilt02).   One part flat button, hat or sleeve size.  Dug button with some gilding, shank missing.  Recovered: Harpers Ferry West Virginia.
Ref: Albert NA81Bv (as corrected).


Federal Navy button, eagle facing left over upright anchor, one part flat, L & Kendrick (22.2mm)
Button depicts eagle over upright anchor surrounded by 13 stars, pattern prevalent from the 1830's to 1850's, generally intended for Federal Navy officers.  This pattern features eagle facing left surrounded by thirteen stars on a lined field with oval border surrounded by outer rope border.  Backmark:  "L & KENDRICK / (star)  EXTRA RICH (star) " rm inner ring of rope with wide rounded border, flat one part button, ca 1830's, (Leavenworth01).   One part flat button, large coat size.
Ref: Albert NA86.


B4202     Federal Navy button, eagle facing left over upright anchor, one part flat, L & Kendrick (22.2mm)
 
Button depicts eagle over upright anchor surrounded by 13 stars, pattern prevalent from the 1830's to 1850's, generally intended for Federal Navy officers.  This pattern features eagle facing left surrounded by thirteen stars on a lined field with oval border surrounded by outer rope border.  Backmark:  "L & KENDRICK / (star)  EXTRA RICH (star) " rm inner ring of rope with wide rounded border, flat one part button, ca 1830's, (Leavenworth01).   One part flat button, large coat size.  Nondug button, gilded, stand up shank.
Ref: Albert NA86.

B5519      Federal Navy button, eagle facing left over upright anchor, one part flat, L & Kendrick (22.2mm)
Button depicts eagle over upright anchor surrounded by 13 stars, pattern prevalent from the 1830's to 1850's, generally intended for Federal Navy officers.  This pattern features eagle facing left surrounded by thirteen stars on a lined field with oval border surrounded by outer rope border.  Backmark:  "L & KENDRICK / (star)  EXTRA RICH (star) " rm inner ring of rope with wide rounded border, flat one part button, ca 1830's, (Leavenworth01).   One part flat button, large coat size.  Nondug button, gilded, stand up shank.
Ref: Albert NA86.


Federal Navy button, eagle with anchor on shield, one part flat, Lewis & Tomes, Extra Rich, (23mm)
Button depicts eagle beside shield with anchor, intended for US Navy officers 1810's to 1830's.    This pattern features eagle facing right surrounded by sixteen stars on a lined field with flat border with rope edge.  Backmark:  "LEWIS & TOMES. / EXTRA RICH." rmdc, an English maker operating a partnership in America, ca. 1820's or 1830's, (LewisTomes01).   One part flat button, large coat size.
Ref: Albert NA67A.


B5589     Federal Navy button, eagle with anchor on shield, one part flat, Lewis & Tomes, Extra Rich, (23mm)
Button depicts eagle beside shield with anchor, intended for US Navy officers 1810's to 1830's.    This pattern features eagle facing right surrounded by sixteen stars on a lined field with flat border with rope edge.  Backmark:  "LEWIS & TOMES. / EXTRA RICH." rmdc, an English maker operating a partnership in America, ca. 1820's or 1830's, (LewisTomes01).   One part flat button, large coat size.  Dug button is gilded, stand up shank intact.  Recovered: Keedysville, Maryland, Antietam campaign by George Miller.
Ref: Albert NA67A.
Museum collection.


Federal Navy button, eagle facing left over upright anchor, one part flat, Lewis & Tomes, (22.6mm)
Button depicts eagle over upright anchor surrounded by 13 stars, pattern prevalent from the 1830's to 1850's, generally intended for Federal Navy officers.  This pattern features eagle facing left surrounded by thirteen stars on a lined field with oval border surrounded by outer rope border.  Backmark:  "LEWIS & TOMES / EXTRA RICH" rm between two rings with rounded border, flat one part button, ca. 1820's or 1830's, (LewisTomes07).   One part flat button, large coat size.
Ref: Albert NA86.


B4203     Federal Navy button, eagle facing left over upright anchor, one part flat, Lewis & Tomes, (22.6mm)
 
Button depicts eagle over upright anchor surrounded by 13 stars, pattern prevalent from the 1830's to 1850's, generally intended for Federal Navy officers.  This pattern features eagle facing left surrounded by thirteen stars on a lined field with oval border surrounded by outer rope border.  Backmark:  "LEWIS & TOMES / EXTRA RICH" rm between two rings with rounded border, flat one part button, ca. 1820's or 1830's, (LewisTomes07).   One part flat button, large coat size.  Nondug button, gilded, stand up shank intact.
Ref: Albert NA86.


Federal Navy button, eagle facing left over upright anchor, one part flat, J Manns, (22.7mm)
Button depicts eagle over upright anchor surrounded by 13 stars, pattern prevalent from the 1830's to 1850's, generally intended for Federal Navy officers.  This pattern features eagle facing left surrounded by thirteen stars on a lined field with oval border surrounded by outer rope border.  Backmark: "(graphic of a crown) / J. MANNS EXTRA RICH" rm outer ring of dots, flat one part button, English manufacture ca. 1820's or 1830's, (Mann02).  One part flat button, large coat size.
Ref: Albert  NA87A1.


B5281     Federal Navy button, eagle facing left over upright anchor, one part flat, J Manns, (22.7mm)
 Button depicts eagle over upright anchor surrounded by 13 stars, pattern prevalent from the 1830's to 1850's, generally intended for Federal Navy officers.  This pattern features eagle facing left surrounded by thirteen stars on a lined field with oval border surrounded by outer rope border.  Backmark: "(graphic of a crown) / J. MANNS EXTRA RICH" rm outer ring of dots, flat one part button, English manufacture ca. 1820's or 1830's, (Mann02).  One part flat button, large coat size.  Nondug button, gilded, stand up shank intact.
Ref: Albert  NA87A1.


Federal Navy button, eagle facing left over upright anchor, one part flat, Robinson & Co, (23mm)
Button depicts eagle over upright anchor surrounded by 13 stars, pattern prevalent from the 1830's to 1850's, generally intended for Federal Navy officers.  This pattern features eagle facing left surrounded by thirteen stars on a lined field with oval border surrounded by outer rope border.  Backmark:  "ROBINSON & CO / (dot) (star) (dot) EXTRA RICH  (dot) (star) (dot) " rm between two solid raised rings, outer rounded border, ca 1820's by Richard Robinson, (RobinsonR08).  One part flat button, large coat size.
Ref: Albert NA86.


B5368     Federal Navy button, eagle facing left over upright anchor, one part flat, Robinson & Co, (23mm)
Button depicts eagle over upright anchor surrounded by 13 stars, pattern prevalent from the 1830's to 1850's, generally intended for Federal Navy officers.  This pattern features eagle facing left surrounded by thirteen stars on a lined field with oval border surrounded by outer rope border.  Backmark:  "ROBINSON & CO / (dot) (star) (dot) EXTRA RICH  (dot) (star) (dot) " rm between two solid raised rings, outer rounded border, ca 1820's by Richard Robinson, (RobinsonR08).  One part flat button, large coat size.  Nondug button, gilded, stand up shank.
Ref: Albert NA86.


Federal Navy button, eagle facing left over upright anchor, one part flat, JML & WH Scovill, (23mm)
Button depicts eagle over upright anchor surrounded by 13 stars, pattern prevalent from the 1830's to 1850's, generally intended for Federal Navy officers.  This pattern features eagle facing left surrounded by thirteen stars on a lined field with oval border surrounded by outer rope border.  Backmark:  "J. M L & W. H. SCOVILL / (star) EXTRA RICH (star) / NO. 1 " rm between two raised solid rings, outer rounded border, ca 1827 to 1840 by Scovill, (Scovill09).  One part flat button, large coat size.
Ref: Albert NA86.


B5369     Federal Navy button, eagle facing left over upright anchor, one part, JML & WH Scovill, (23mm)
 Button depicts eagle over upright anchor, intended generally for Navy officers.  This pattern features eagle facing left, 13 stars, inner and outer rope borders, one part flat button dating to the 1820's to 1830's.  Backmark:  "J. M L & W. H. SCOVILL / (star) EXTRA RICH (star) / NO. 1 " rm between two raised solid rings, outer rounded border, ca 1827 to 1840 by Scovill, (Scovill09).  One piece flat button, coat size.  Nondug button, gilded, stand up shank intact.
Ref: Albert NA86A, not listed.

B6035     Federal Navy button, eagle facing left over upright anchor, one part flat, JML & WH Scovill, (23mm)
Button depicts eagle over upright anchor surrounded by 13 stars, pattern prevalent from the 1830's to 1850's, generally intended for Federal Navy officers.  This pattern features eagle facing left surrounded by thirteen stars on a lined field with oval border surrounded by outer rope border.  Backmark:  "J. M L & W. H. SCOVILL / (star) EXTRA RICH (star) / NO. 1 " rm between two raised solid rings, outer rounded border, ca 1827 to 1840 by Scovill, (Scovill09).  One part flat button, large coat size.   Dug button is gilded , shank missing.  Recovered: Hampton Roads, Virginia, by Skip Mayorga. 
Ref: Albert NA86.


Federal Navy button, eagle with anchor on shield, one part convex, Treble Gilt Orange, (23.6mm)
Button depicts eagle beside shield with anchor, intended for US Navy officers 1810's to 1830's.  This pattern features sixteen stars, shield is oval. 
Backmark:  "TREBLE GILT / ORANGE" rm between two solid rings, mold seam splits the shank, one part convex button, back is concave, ca 1820's,  (Treble52).  One part low convex button, large coat size.
Ref:  Albert NA54 / 57.


B6131     Federal Navy button, anchor on shield, one part convex, Treble Gilt Orange, (23.6mm)
Button depicts eagle beside shield with anchor, intended for US Navy officers 1810's to 1830's.  This pattern features sixteen stars, shield is oval.  Backmark:  "TREBLE GILT / ORANGE" rm between two solid rings, mold seam splits the shank, one part convex button, back is concave, ca 1820's,  (Treble52).  One part low convex button, large coat size. Dug button with gilding, stand up shank.  Recovered: Shepherdstown, Virginia (now WV), by Brian Irving.
Ref:  Albert NA54 / 57.
Old Court House Civil War Museum collection.


Federal Navy button, eagle with anchor on shield, one part flat, Treble Gilt Orange Colour, (22.4mm)
Button depicts eagle beside shield with anchor, intended for US Navy officers 1810's to 1830's.  This pattern features eagle facing right surrounded by thirteen stars on a lined field with border. 
Backmark:  "TREBLE GILT / ORANGE COLOUR" dm between two solid rings, one part flat button, ca 1830's,  (Treble54).  One part flat button, large coat size.
Ref:  Albert NA62.


B6139     Federal Navy button, anchor on shield, one part flat, Treble Gilt Orange Colour, (22.4mm)
 Button depicts eagle beside shield with anchor, intended for US Navy officers 1810's to 1830's.  This pattern features eagle facing right surrounded by thirteen stars on a lined field with border.  Backmark:  "TREBLE GILT / ORANGE COLOUR" dm between two solid rings, one part flat button, ca 1830's,  (Treble54).  One part flat button, large coat size.  Dug button with ground action, shank missing.  Recovered: Charles Town Virginia (now West Virginia).
Ref:  Albert NA62.


Federal Navy button, eagle with anchor on shield, one part flat, Treble Gilt Stand'd Colour, (24.4mm)
Button depicts eagle beside shield with anchor, intended for US Navy officers 1810's to 1830's.  This pattern features eagle facing right surrounded by sixteen stars on a lined field with border. 
Backmark:  "TREBLE GILT / STANDd COLOUR" rm between two solid rings, one part flat button, ca 1820's or 1830's,  (Treble53).  One part flat button, large coat size.
Ref:  Albert NA68.


B6138     Federal Navy button, anchor on shield, one part flat, Treble Gilt Stand'd Colour, (24.4mm)
 Button depicts eagle beside shield with anchor, intended for US Navy officers 1810's to 1830's.  This pattern features eagle facing right surrounded by sixteen stars on a lined field with border.  Backmark:  "TREBLE GILT / STANDd COLOUR" rm between two solid rings, one part flat button, ca 1820's or 1830's,  (Treble53).  One part flat button, large coat size.  Dug button, dirt covered, shank missing.  Recovered: Charles Town Virginia (now West Virginia)
Ref:  Albert NA68.


Federal Navy button, eagle with anchor on shield, one part flat, William Wallis Extra Rich, (22.7mm)
Button depicts eagle beside shield with anchor, intended for US Navy officers 1810's to 1830's.  This pattern features eagle facing right surrounded by thirteen stars on a lined field with border. 
Backmark:  "Backmark: "WILLIAM (dot) WALLIS / (dot) EXTRA (dot) RICH" rm between two rings, ca 1820's to 1830, (Wallis03).  One part flat button, large coat size.
Ref:  Albert NA62.


B4201     Federal Navy button, eagle with anchor on shield, one part flat, William Wallis Extra Rich, (22.7mm)
 
Button depicts eagle beside shield with anchor, intended for US Navy officers 1810's to 1830's.  This pattern features eagle facing right surrounded by thirteen stars on a lined field with border. 
Backmark:  "Backmark: "WILLIAM (dot) WALLIS / (dot) EXTRA (dot) RICH" rm between two rings, ca 1820's to 1830, (Wallis03).  One part flat button, large coat size.  Nondug button, gilded, stand up shank.
Ref:  Albert NA62.


Federal Navy button, eagle facing left over upright anchor, one part flat, Warranted Rich Orange, (15mm)
Button depicts eagle over upright anchor surrounded by 13 stars, pattern prevalent from the 1830's to 1850's, generally intended for Federal Navy officers.  This pattern features eagle facing left surrounded by thirteen stars on a lined field with oval border surrounded by outer rope border.  Backmark: "WARRANTED / (dot) RICH ORANGE (dot)" dm  between two solid rings, (Warranted01small).   One part flat button, hat or sleeve size.
Ref: Albert NA86.


B5765     Federal Navy button, eagle facing left over upright anchor, one part flat, Warranted Rich Orange, (15mm)
Button depicts eagle over upright anchor surrounded by 13 stars, pattern prevalent from the 1830's to 1850's, generally intended for Federal Navy officers.  This pattern features eagle facing left surrounded by thirteen stars on a lined field with oval border surrounded by outer rope border.  Backmark: "WARRANTED / (dot) RICH ORANGE (dot)" dm  between two solid rings, (Warranted01small).   One part flat button, hat or sleeve size.  Nondug button, gilded, stand up shank.
Ref: Albert NA86.


Federal Navy button, eagle with anchor on shield, one part convex, WISE  BIELBY HYDE & CO, NO. 4, EXTRA FINE, (22.4mm)
Button depicts eagle beside shield with anchor, intended for US Navy officers 1810's to 1830's.  This pattern features fourteen stars, shield is oval.  Backmark: 
"WISE / BIELBY HYDE & CO. / NO. 4 / EXTRA FINE" rm English manufacturer 1818 to 1825, (Wise01).  One part low convex button, large coat size.
Ref:  Albert NA44.



B4072     Federal Navy button, eagle with anchor on shield, one part convex, WISE  BIELBY HYDE & CO, NO. 4, EXTRA FINE, (22.4mm)
 
Button depicts eagle beside shield with anchor, intended for US Navy officers 1810's to 1830's.  This pattern features fourteen stars, shield is oval.  Backmark: 
"WISE / BIELBY HYDE & CO. / NO. 4 / EXTRA FINE" rm English manufacturer 1818 to 1825, (Wise01).  One part low convex button, large coat size.  Dug button, shank intact.  Recovered: Boonsboro, Maryland.
Ref:  Albert NA44.

B5024     Federal Navy button, eagle with anchor on shield, one part convex, WISE  BIELBY HYDE & CO, NO. 4, EXTRA FINE, (22.4mm)
 
Button depicts eagle beside shield with anchor, intended for US Navy officers 1810's to 1830's.  This pattern features fourteen stars, shield is oval.  Backmark: 
"WISE / BIELBY HYDE & CO. / NO. 4 / EXTRA FINE" rm English manufacturer 1818 to 1825, (Wise01).  One part low convex button, large coat size.  Dug button, with gilding, stand up shank intact.  Recovered: Shenandoah Valley, Virginia.
Ref:  Albert NA44.