The Civil War Relicman,
Harry Ridgeway.

Winchester, Virginia USA (changed hands 70 times in the Civil War!).

relicman.com.


Ridgeway Reference Archive, Civil War buttons.
Federal officer buttons.

This is the "Ridgeway Reference Archive", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader.   Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author.  None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale.  This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items.  I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. All  items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described.   Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission.    This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.


Federal officer buttons, Albert GS series, listed by backmark groups, each die variant shown as I find them:



Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, D Evans dm inner ring of dots, no divider, (22mm)
Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace.  This die pattern features eagle facing right surrounded by 22 stars, stripes only in shield with pointed top, rounded sides and pointed bottom, three arrows in left talon.  D Evans used a wider rim than other manufacturers, this pattern is commonly found at Civil War sites. 
Backmark: "D. EVANS & CO. / ATTLEBORO MASS" dm inner ring of dots, transitional use ca 1860 to post war, (Evans02).  Three part officer button, coat size.
Ref: Albert GS, Tice GS212A2.

B5774     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, D Evans dm inner ring of dots, no divider, (22mm)

B5960     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, D Evans dm inner ring of dots, no divider, (22mm)

B6369     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, D Evans dm inner ring of dots, no divider, (22mm)


Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, D Evans & Co Extra dm, (15mm)
Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace.  This die pattern features eagle facing right surrounded by 24 stars, stars and stripes in small but proportionate shield, three arrows in right talon. 
Backmark:  "D. EVANS & CO / (star) EXTRA (star)" dm inner solid ring, only used small size, ca 1860's, (Evans20small).  Three part officer button, hat or sleeve size.
Ref: Albert GS, Tice GS, not listed.

B6372     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, D Evans & Co Extra dm, (14.4mm)
Nine buttons apparently came from the same jacket.


Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, D Evans & Co Extra dm, (15mm)
Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace.  This die pattern features eagle facing right surrounded by 24 stars, stars and stripes in shield irregularly formed, three arrows in right talon. 
Backmark:  "D. EVANS & CO / (star) EXTRA (star)" dm inner solid ring, only used small size, ca 1860's, (Evans20small).  Three part officer button, hat or sleeve size.
Ref: Albert GS, Tice GS, not listed.

B4106     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, D Evans & Co Extra dm, (15mm)


Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, die variant shield with stripes and no stars, arrows equal length, Extra Quality by Scovill, dm between rings with no well around shank, (22mm)
Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace.  This die pattern features eagle facing right surrounded by 24 stars, stripes only in shield with concave top and rounded bottom with a point, four arrows in right talon are equal length.  Backmark: 
"EXTRA / (star) QUALITY (star)" dm small letters between rings of dots, no depression around the shank, Scovill ca 1860, (ExtraQ02).  Three part officer button, coat size.
Ref: Albert GS, Tice GS226A24, no well around shank.

B4094     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, die variant shield with stripes and no stars, arrows equal length, Extra Quality by Scovill, dm between rings with no well around shank, (22mm)
 

B5018     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, die variant shield with stripes and no stars, arrows equal length, Extra Quality by Scovill, dm between rings with no well around shank, (22mm)
B5018.jpg (30041 bytes) B5018B.jpg (35163 bytes) 


Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, die variant shield with stripes and no stars, arrows equal, Extra Quality by Scovill, dm between rings, with well around shank, (22mm)
Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace.  This die pattern features eagle facing right surrounded by 24 stars, stripes only in shield with concave top and rounded bottom with a point, four arrows in right talon are equal length.  Backmark: 
"EXTRA / (star) QUALITY (star)" dm small letters between two rings of dots, a faint inner ring sometimes appears which may have been formed when the shank was installed producing a slight depression around the shank, Scovill produced ca 1860, (ExtraQ01).  Three part officer button, coat size.
Ref: Albert GS, Tice GS226A24, with well around shank.

B4615     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, die variant shield with stripes and no stars, arrows equal, Extra Quality by Scovill, dm between rings, with well around shank, (22mm)
 


Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, die variant shield with stripes and no stars, arrows unequal, Extra Quality, dm between rings, Quality crowds the bottom ring, (22mm)
Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace.  This die pattern features eagle facing right surrounded by 24 stars, stripes only in shield with concave top and rounded bottom with a point, four arrows in right talon are unequal in length. 
Backmark:  "EXTRA / (star) QUALITY (star)"  dm between rings of dotsthis pattern has no periods and no third inner ring, bottom of lettering of "Quality" crowds the bottom ring, manufacturer not determined, ca. 1860's, (ExtraQ09).  Three part officer button, coat size.
Ref: Albert GS, Tice GS226A24.


B5282     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, die variant shield with stripes and no stars, arrows unequal, Extra Quality, dm between rings, Quality crowds the bottom ring, (22.2mm)
 

B5464     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, die variant shield with stripes and no stars, arrows unequal, Extra Quality, dm between rings, Quality crowds the bottom ring, (22.2mm)
 

B6416     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, die variant shield with stripes and no stars, arrows unequal, Extra Quality, dm between rings, Quality crowds the bottom ring, (22mm)


Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, die variant taller shield with stars and stripes and arrows equal length, Extra Quality by Scovill, dm between rings, (22mm)
Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace.  This die pattern features eagle facing right surrounded by 24 stars, stars & stripes in taller shield with flat top and rounded bottom with a point, four arrows in right talon are equal length.  Backmark: 
"EXTRA / (star) QUALITY (star)" dm small letters between two rings of dots, a faint inner ring sometimes appears which may have been formed when the shank was installed producing a slight depression around the shank, Scovill produced ca 1860, (ExtraQ01).  Three part officer button, coat size.
Ref: Albert GS, Tice GS226, not listed.

B4095     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, die variant taller shield with stars and stripes and arrows equal length, Extra Quality by Scovill, dm between rings, (22mm)
 


Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, die variant shorter shield with stars and stripes and arrows unequal length, Extra Quality by Scovill, dm between rings, (22.4mm)
Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace.  This die pattern features eagle facing right surrounded by 24 stars, stars & stripes in shorter shield with flat top and rounded bottom with a point, four arrows in right talon are unequal length.  Backmark: 
"EXTRA / (star) QUALITY (star)" dm small letters between two rings of dots, a faint inner ring sometimes appears which may have been formed when the shank was installed producing a slight depression around the shank, Scovill produced ca 1860, (ExtraQ01).  Three part officer button, coat size.
Ref: Albert GS, Tice GS226, not listed.

B4115     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, die variant shorter shield with stars and stripes and arrows unequal length, Extra Quality by Scovill, dm between rings, silvered, (22mm)
 (silvered).

B4507     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, die variant shorter shield with stars and stripes and arrows unequal length, Extra Quality by Scovill, dm between rings, (22mm)

B5343     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, die variant shorter shield with stars and stripes and arrows unequal length, Extra Quality by Scovill, dm between rings, (22.4mm)

B5558     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, die variant shorter shield with stars and stripes and arrows unequal length, Extra Quality by Scovill, dm between rings, (22mm)

B5944     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, die variant shorter shield with stars and stripes and arrows unequal length, Extra Quality by Scovill, dm between rings, (22.4mm)


Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, die variant shorter shield with stars and stripes and arrows unequal length, Extra Quality by Scovill, overstrike over Gminder backmark, dm between rings, (22.4mm)
Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace.  This die pattern features eagle facing right surrounded by 24 stars, stars & stripes in shorter shield with flat top and rounded bottom with a point, four arrows in right talon are unequal length.  Backmark: 
"EXTRA / (star) QUALITY (star)" dm small letters between two rings of dots, backmark is stamped over Gminder 1860 backmark, "JACOB. GMINDER. / (dot) BALTIMORE (dot)", Scovill produced ca 1860, (ExtraQ01GminderOverstrike).  Three part officer button, coat size.
Ref: Albert GS, Tice GS226, not listed.

B6445     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, die variant shorter shield with stars and stripes and arrows unequal length, Extra Quality by Scovill, overstrike over Gminder backmark, dm between rings, (22.4mm)


Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, Extra Quality rmdc, (22mm)
Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace.  This die pattern features eagle facing right surrounded by 27 stars, stripes only in shield with concave top, bulged side, and rounded bottom with a point, four arrows in right talon.  Backmark:
"EXTRA / (star) QUALITY (star)" rmdc in stippled field, inner rim has the appearance of dots, ca 1850's maker not determined, (ExtraQ14).  Three part officer button, coat size.
Ref: Albert GS, Tice GS, not listed.

B4097     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, Extra Quality rmdc, (22mm)
 


Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co, die variant eagle with short neck, dm between rings with floral dividers, (22mm)
Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace.  This die pattern features eagle with short neck facing right surrounded by 24 stars, stripes only in shield with concave top, bulged sides, and rounded bottom with a point, four arrows in right talon, tail feathers are symmetrical with one extended feather. 
Backmark: "EXTRA / (floral graphic) QUALITY (floral graphic)" dm  between two rings of elongated shaped dots, believed to have been manufactured by Waterbury Button Co 1860's and could be transitional, (ExtraQ08).  Three part officer button, coat size.
Ref: Albert GS, Tice GS226A25, short neck.

B4508     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co, die variant eagle with short neck, dm between rings with floral dividers, (22mm)
 


Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co, die variant eagle with long neck, dm between rings with floral dividers, (22mm)
Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace.  This die pattern features eagle with long neck facing right surrounded by 24 stars, stripes only in shield with concave top, bulged sides, and rounded bottom with a point, four arrows in right talon, tail feathers are symmetrical and even. 
Backmark: "EXTRA / (floral graphic) QUALITY (floral graphic)" dm  between two rings of elongated shaped dots, believed to have been manufactured by Waterbury Button Co 1860's and could be transitional, (ExtraQ08).  Three part officer button, coat size.
Ref: Albert GS, Tice GS226A25, long neck.

B5766     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co, die variant eagle with long neck, dm between rings with floral dividers, (22mm)

B6239     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co, die variant eagle with long neck, dm between rings with floral dividers, (22mm)

B6371     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co, die variant eagle with long neck, dm between rings with floral dividers, (22.2mm)


Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co, die variant eagle with short neck and shield with stars and stripes, dm between rings with floral dividers, (22mm)
Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace.  This die pattern features eagle with short neck facing right surrounded by 24 stars, stars and stripes only in shield with concave top, bulged sides, and rounded bottom with a point, four arrows in right talon, tail feathers are symmetrical and even. 
Backmark: "EXTRA / (floral graphic) QUALITY (floral graphic)" dm  between two rings of elongated shaped dots, believed to have been manufactured by Waterbury Button Co 1860's and could be transitional, (ExtraQ08).  Three part officer button, coat size.
Ref: Albert GS, Tice GS226A25, short neck, shield with stars and stripes.

B5286     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co, die variant eagle with short neck and shield with stars and stripes, dm between rings with floral dividers, (22mm)
 


Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, Extra Quality by Steele & Johnson, dm between rings of dots, no dividers, (23mm)
Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace.  This die pattern features eagle facing right surrounded by 23 stars, stripes only in shield with concave top, bulged side, and rounded bottom with a point, four arrows in right talon.  Backmark:
"EXTRA / QUALITY" dm between two rings of elongated dots, believed to have been manufactured by Steele & Johnson, ca1850's, (ExtraQ15).  Three part officer button, coat size.
Ref: Albert GS, Tice GS228B5.

B4509     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, Extra Quality by Steele & Johnson, dm between rings of dots, no dividers, (23mm)


Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, Extra Quality, dm between rings of slashes, stars dividers, (15mm)
Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace.  This die pattern features eagle facing right surrounded by 20 stars, stripes only in shield with concave top, and rounded bottom with a point, three arrows in right talon. 
Backmark: "EXTRA / (star) QUALITY (star)"  dm, single inner ring of elongated dots or slashes, this pattern has no periods, ca 1860's, and could be transitional(ExtraQ06small).  Three part officer button, hat or sleeve size.
Ref: Albert GS, Tice GS.

B6382     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, Extra Quality, dm between rings of slashes, stars dividers, (15mm)


Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, H C Harper Phila, dm , (15mm)
Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace.   
Backmark: "H. C. HARPER / (dot) PHILA. (dot), dm no rings, letters are plain without serifs, manufactured  after the Civil War, (Harper03).  Three part officer button, hat or sleeve size.
Ref: Albert GS.   Manufactured after the Civil War.

B6344     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, H C Harper Phila, dm , (15mm)
Manufactured after the Civil War.


Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, Horstmann Bro & Allien, rmdc, (23mm)
Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace.  This die pattern features eagle facing right surrounded by 24 stars, stripes only in rectangular nearly squared shield with flat top, straight side, and flat bottom with a point, four arrows in right talon.  Backmark: 
"HORSTMANN. BRO &. ALLIEN / N. Y." rmdc, 1850's, (HorstmannA02).  Three part officer button, coat size.
Ref: Albert GS, Tice GS220A1.

B4725     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, Horstmann Bro & Allien, rmdc, (23mm)

B6014     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, Horstmann Bro & Allien, rmdc, (23mm)


Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, Horstmann & Allien, NY dm, (23mm)
Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace.  This die pattern features eagle facing right surrounded by 28 stars, stripes only in graceful shield with swooping top and corners, curved side, and pointed bottom, four arrows in right talon.  Backmark: 
"HORSTMANN & ALLIEN / N.Y.", dm no rings, probably Steele & Johnson ca 1860, (HorstmannA12).  Three part officer button, coat size.
Ref: Albert GS, Tice GS226A10.

B5344     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, Horstmann & Allien, NY dm, (23mm)

B5963     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, Horstmann & Allien, NY dm, (23mm)


Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, Horstmann Bro & Co PHILA, rmdc, (23mm)
Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace.  This die pattern features eagle facing right surrounded by 21 stars, stripes only in shield with concave top and beveled corners, bulged side, and pointed bottom, four arrows in right talon. 
Backmark: "HORSTMANN BRO & CO / (star) PHILA (star)" rmdc on stippled field, letters are poorly formed, ca 1850's, probably manufactured by Steele & Johnson for Horstmann, (HorstmannB01).  Three part officer button, coat size.
Ref: Albert GS, Tice GS218A2.

B4099     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, Horstmann Bro & Co PHILA, rmdc, (23mm)
 



Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, Horstmann Brothers & Co PHIL, dm between rings, (23mm)
Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace.  This die pattern features eagle facing right surrounded by 30 stars, stripes only in graceful shield with swooping top and corners, curved side, and pointed bottom, four arrows in right talon.   
Backmark: "HORSTMANN BROTHERS & CO / (dot) PHIL (dot)", dm between two rings of dots. ca 1860, probably manufactured by Steele & Johnson for Horstmann, (HorstmannB03).  Three part officer button, coat size.
Ref: Albert GS, Tice GS218, not listed.

B4100     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, Horstmann Brothers & Co PHIL, dm between rings, (23mm)

B5346     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, Horstmann Brothers & Co PHIL, dm between rings, (23mm)


Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, JML & WH Scovill Superfine, (22.2mm)
Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace.  This die pattern features eagle with crooked neck facing right surrounded by 24 stars, stripes only in shield with concave top, straight side, and pointed bottom, five arrows in right talon.   
Backmark:  "J. M. L. & W. H. SCOVILL / (star) WATERBURY (star) / EXTRA SUPERFINE (branches and flowers)" dm between solid middle and inner ring, Scovill manufacture 1830's, (Scovill03).  Three part officer button, coat size.
Ref: Albert GS21, Tice GS240A7.

B4103     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, JML & WH Scovill Superfine, (22.2mm)


B4105     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, JML & WH Scovill Superfine, (22.2mm)


Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, WG Mintzer PHILD, dm, (22.2mm)
Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace.  This die pattern features eagle facing right surrounded by 25 stars, stripes only in shield with concave top, beveled edges, bulged side, and pointed bottom, four arrows in right talon.   
Backmark: "W. G.  MINTZER.  / (slashes) PHILD... (slashes)", dm between two rings of dots, probably Steele & Johnson ca 1860-1865, (Mintzer09).  Three part officer button, coat size.
Ref: Albert GS21, Tice GS226A12.

B4112     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, WG Mintzer PHILD, dm, (22.2mm)


Federal officer staff button, eagle with pointed shield, R & W Robinson Makers, (21.7mm)
Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace.  This die pattern features eagle with crooked neck facing right surrounded by 24 stars, stripes only in graceful shield with point at the top and edges, curved side, and pointed bottom, three arrows in left talon.    Backmark: 
"R & W. ROBINSON / (dot) (star) (dot) (star) (dot) MAKERS (dot) (star) (dot) (star) (dot) / ATTLEBOROUGH / (star) MASS. (star)" dm, solid ring separating inner and outer inscription, ca 1840's, (RobinsonRW16).  Three part officer button, coat size.
Ref: Albert GS8, Tice GS214A1.

B4108     Federal officer staff button, eagle with pointed shield, R & W Robinson Makers, (21.7mm)


Federal officer staff button, eagle with squared shield, R & W Robinson Makers, (21.8mm)
Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace.  This die pattern features eagle facing right surrounded by 24 stars, stripes only in a squared shield with flat top, straight side, and pointed bottom, three arrows in left talon.    Backmark: 
"R & W. ROBINSON / (dot) (star) (dot) (star) (dot) MAKERS (dot) (star) (dot) (star) (dot) / ATTLEBOROUGH / (star) MASS. (star)" dm, solid ring separating inner and outer inscription, ca 1840's, (RobinsonRW16).  Three part officer button, coat size.
Ref: Albert GS8, Tice GS214B1.

B4109     Federal officer staff button, eagle with squared shield, R & W Robinson Makers, (21.8mm)

B5342     Federal officer staff button, eagle with squared shield, R & W Robinson Makers, (21.8mm)


Federal officer staff button, eagle with pointed shield, R & W Robinson Makers, (15mm)
Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace.  This die pattern features eagle with crooked neck facing right surrounded by 24 stars, stripes only in graceful shield with point at the top and edges, curved side, and pointed bottom, three arrows in left talon.  Backmark: 
"ROBINSONS / (dot) MAKERS (dot)" dm, solid outer ring and two inner rings, only made in small size, ca 1840's, (RobinsonRW28As).  Three part officer button, hat or sleeve size.
Ref: Albert GS, Tice GS214As, not listed.

B4561     Federal officer staff button, eagle with pointed shield, R & W Robinson Makers, (15mm)


Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, Schuyler H & G, dm between rings, (22.3mm)
Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace.  This die pattern features eagle facing right surrounded by 24 stars, stars & stripes in shorter shield with flat top and rounded bottom with a point, four arrows in right talon are unequal length.  Backmark:
"SCHUYLER H & G. / NEW - YORK.", dm between rings of dots, Scovill produced ca1860's, (Schuyler17).  Three part officer button, coat size.
Ref: Albert GS, Tice GS226A15.

B4111     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, Schuyler H & G, dm between rings, (22.3mm)


Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, Schuyler Hartley & Graham New York, dm, (22.3mm)
Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace.  This die pattern features eagle facing right surrounded by 24 stars, stripes only in shield with concave top, beveled upper corners, and rounded bottom with a point, four arrows in right talon are equal length.  Backmark:
"SCHUYLER. HARTLEY. / (star) & GRAHAM (star) / NEW - YORK. (star) (star) (star) (star) (star) (star)" dm with middle and inner ring of dots simulating a rope, ca 1850's, (Schuyler22).  Three part officer button, coat size.
Ref: Albert GS, Tice GS226A14.

B5021     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, Schuyler Hartley & Graham New York, dm, (22.3mm)
B5021.jpg (30160 bytes) B5021B.jpg (41158 bytes) 


Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, Schuyler Hartley & Graham NY dm inner ring of dots, (23mm)
Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace. 
This die pattern features eagle facing right surrounded by 22 stars, stars and stripes in shield with pointed top, rounded sides and pointed bottom, three arrows in right talon.  Backmark:  "SCHUYLER HARTLEY & GRAHAM / (star) N - Y (star)" dm inner ring of dots, transitional backmark, probably D Evans manufacture ca 1860's to post war, (Schuyler25). Three part officer button, coat size.
Ref: Albert GS, Tice GS206A2.

B5961     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, Schuyler Hartley & Graham NY dm inner ring of dots, (23mm)


Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, Schuyler H & G, N - York, dm, (15mm)
Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace.  This die pattern features eagle facing right surrounded by 19 stars, stripes only in irregular shaped shield, four arrows in right talon. 
Backmark: "SCHUYLER. H. &. G / N - YORK.", the "S" in Schuyler is reversed, dm inner solid ring, Scovill produced ca 1860, for small buttons only, (Schuyler20small). Three part officer button, hat or sleeve size.
Ref: Albert GS, Tice GS, not listed.

B4102     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, Schuyler H & G, N - York, dm, (15mm)


Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, Scovill Mg, dm, (22.2mm)
Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace.  This die pattern features eagle facing right surrounded by 24 stars, stripes only in shield with concave top and pointed bottom, four arrows in right talon. 
Backmark:  "SCOVILL MG CO / WATERBURY" dm small letters, inner solid ring, lettering crowds the rim, ca early 1850's, (ScovillM100).  Three part officer button, coat size.
Ref: Albert GS, Tice GS226A17.

B5019     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, Scovill Mg, dm, (22.2mm)
B5019.jpg (30548 bytes) B5019B.jpg (37717 bytes) 

B5503     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, Scovill Mg, dm, (22.2mm)


Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, die variant shorter shield with stars and stripes and arrows unequal length, Scovill Mfg, with no dividers, dm between rings, (22mm)
Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace.  This die pattern features eagle facing right surrounded by 24 stars, stars & stripes in shorter shield with flat top and rounded bottom with a point, four arrows in right talon are unequal length. 
Backmark:  "SCOVILL MF'G CO, / WATERBURY." dm between two rings of dots, ca 1860's, (ScovillM310).  Three part officer button, coat size.
Ref: Albert GS, Tice GS226A19.

B4114     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, die variant shorter shield with stars and stripes and arrows unequal length, Scovill Mfg, with no dividers, dm between rings, (22mm)
 

B5962     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, die variant shorter shield with stars and stripes and arrows unequal length, Scovill Mfg, with no dividers, dm between rings, (22.5mm)


Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, die variant shield with stripes and no stars, Scovill Mfg, with no dividers, dm between rings, (23mm)
Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace.  This die pattern features eagle facing right surrounded by 24 stars, stripes only in shield with concave top, beveled upper corners, and rounded bottom with a point, four arrows in right talon are equal length. 
Backmark:  "SCOVILL MF'G CO, / WATERBURY." dm between two rings of dots, ca 1860's, (ScovillM310).  Three part officer button, coat size.
Ref: Albert GS, Tice GS226A18, with correction.

B4510     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, die variant shield with stripes and no stars, Scovill Mfg, with no dividers, dm between rings, (23mm)


Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, Scovill Mfg, with no dividers, dm between single ring, (15mm)
Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace.  This die pattern features eagle facing right surrounded by 19 stars, stripes only in shield with pointed top and bottom, three arrows in left talon. 
Backmark: "SCOVILL MF'G. CO. / WATERBURY." dm inner ring of dots, inner solid ring is often obscured, small letters, made in small size only, this is abbreviated version of Scovill series of dm early 1860's buttons, (Scovill460Small)  Three part officer button, hat or sleeve size.
Ref: Albert GS, Tice GS, not listed.

B4096     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, Scovill Mfg, with no dividers, dm between single ring, (15mm)
 


Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, die variant shorter shield with stars and stripes and arrows unequal length, Scovill Mfg, with stars dividers, dm inner rings, (23mm)
Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace.  This die pattern features eagle facing right surrounded by 24 stars, stars & stripes in shorter shield with flat top and rounded bottom with a point, four arrows in right talon are unequal length. 
Backmark:  "SCOVILL MF'G Co. (o is underlined) / (star) WATERBURY (star)" dm large letters inner ring of dots, manufactured after the Civil War, (ScovillM501).  Three part officer button, coat size.
Ref: Albert GS, Manufactured after the Civil War.

B6512     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, die variant shorter shield with stars and stripes and arrows unequal length, Scovill Mfg, with stars dividers, dm inner rings, (23mm)
Manufactured after the Civil War.


Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, GW Simmons, (23mm)
Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace.  This die pattern features eagle facing right surrounded by 24 stars, stars & stripes in shorter shield with flat top and rounded bottom with a point, four arrows in right talon are unequal length.  Backmark:  "G. W. SIMMONS & CO. / (dot) BOSTON (dot)" dm outer ring, manufactured after the Civil War, (Simmons01). Three part officer button, coat size.
Ref: Albert GS, Manufactured after the Civil War.

B6513     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, GW Simmons, (23mm)
Manufactured after the Civil War.


Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, W H Smith New York, dm, (22.2mm)
Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace.  This die pattern features eagle facing right surrounded by 24 stars, stripes only in shield with concave top and pointed bottom, four arrows in right talon.  Backmark: 
"WM. H. SMITH & CO / (star) NEW - YORK (star)", dm between one outer solid ring, and two inner rings, Scovill produced ca 1840's to 1850's, (SmithWH03).  Three part officer button, coat size.
Ref: Albert GS, Tice GS226A20.

B5020     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, W H Smith New York, dm, (22.2mm)
B5020.jpg (32905 bytes) B5020B.jpg (39858 bytes) 


Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, Steele & Johnson dm between rings, (22mm)
Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace.  This die pattern features eagle facing right surrounded by 24 stars, stripes only in shield with concave top, beveled corners, bulged side and pointed bottom, four arrows in right talon. 
Backmark: " STEELE. / (star) & (star)  JOHNSON (star) & (star) " dm between two rings of dots, ca 1850's and 1860's, (Steele14).  Three part officer button, coat size.
Ref: Albert GS, Tice GS226A21, with correction.

B4098     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, Steele & Johnson dm between rings, (22mm)
 


Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, Superior Quality dm between rings, (22mm)
Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace.  This die pattern features eagle facing right surrounded by 30 stars, stripes only in graceful shield with swooping top and corners, curved side, and pointed bottom, four arrows in right talon. 
Backmark:  "SUPERIOR / (star) QUALITY (star)" dm between two rings of dots, sloppy stamping, Steele & Johnson ca 1860, (Superior04). Three part officer button, coat size.
Ref: Albert GS, Tice GS, not listed.

B4093     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, Superior Quality dm between rings, (22mm)
 


Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, shield with flat top, Superior Quality dm inner ring, (15mm)
Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace.  This die pattern features eagle facing right surrounded by 20 stars, stripes only in small shield with flat top, and pointed bottom, three arrows in right talon. 
Backmark: "SUPERIOR / (star) QUALITY (star)" dm, inner ring of dots, sloppy stamping, only made for small buttons, Steele & Johnson ca 1860, (Superior05Small).  Three part officer button, hat or sleeve size.
Ref: Albert GS, Tice GS, not listed.

B4092     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, shield with flat top, Superior Quality dm inner ring, (15mm)
 


Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, shield with pointed top, Superior Quality dm inner ring, (14.5mm)
Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace.  This die pattern features eagle facing right surrounded by 20 stars, stripes only in small shield with pointed top, and pointed bottom, three arrows in right talon. 
Backmark: "SUPERIOR / (star) QUALITY (star)" dm, inner ring of dots, sloppy stamping, only made for small buttons, Steele & Johnson ca 1860, (Superior05small).  Three part officer button, hat or sleeve size.
Ref: Albert GS, Tice GS, not listed.

B5751     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, shield with pointed top, Superior Quality dm inner ring, (14.5mm)
Dug button, recovered: not known.

B6225     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, shield with pointed top, Superior Quality dm inner ring, (14.5mm)
Dug button, recovered: not known.

B6381     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, shield with pointed top, Superior Quality dm inner ring, (14.3mm)
 


Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, Warranted Rich Treble, (21.7mm)
Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace.  This die pattern features eagle with crooked neck, facing right surrounded by 24 stars,
stripes only in shield with pointed top, rounded sides and pointed bottom , three arrows in left talon.  Backmark: "WARRANTED (in italics) / RICH TREBLE / (13 stars in a ring) (dot)" dm, maker not known, possibly R&W Robinson ca 1840's or 1850's, (Warranted10).  Three part officer button, coat size.
Ref: Albert GS8, Tice GS214A2.

B4107     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, Warranted Rich Treble, (21.7mm)


Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, Superfine Gold Plated WB Co., (22.2mm)
Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace.  This die pattern features eagle facing right surrounded by 23 stars, stars and stripes in shield with concave top, bulged sides and pointed bottom , four arrows in right talon. 
Backmark:  "SUPERFINE GOLD PLATED  / W. B. CO." dm on two ribbons, inner ring of dots, manufactured by Waterbury Button Co, likely ca 1870's, (Superfin20).   Three part officer button, coat size.
Ref: Albert GS8, Tice GS, not listed.

B4101     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, Superfine Gold Plated WB Co., (22.2mm)


Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, Waterbury Button Co Extra dm between rings, (22.2mm)
Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace.  This die pattern features eagle facing right surrounded by 24 stars, stripes only in small shield with rounded top, bulged side, and pointed bottom, four arrows in right talon. 
Backmark:  "WATERBURY BUTTON CO. / (star) EXTRA (star)" dm between two rings of dots, ca 1860's, (Waterbury17).  Three part officer button, hat or sleeve size.
Ref: Albert GS, Tice GS226A22.

B5964     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, Waterbury Button Co Extra dm between rings, (22.2mm)


Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, Young Smith, dm three rings of dots, (22mm)
Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace.  This die pattern features eagle with very crooked neck facing right surrounded by 24 stars, stripes only in small shield with concave top, straight sides and pointed bottom, six arrows in right talon. 
Backmark: "YOUNG. SMITH & CO / (dot) NEW YORK (dot)" dm between on outer and two inner rings of dots, Scovill produced ca 1840's or 1850's, (Young07).   Three part officer button, coat size.
Ref: Albert GS22, Tice GSD242A2.

B4104     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, Young Smith, dm three rings of dots, (22mm)

B5345     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, Young Smith, dm three rings of dots, (22mm)


Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, blank iron back with concentric rings, (23mm)
Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace.  Variation in die patterns noted.    Backmark:  Blank iron back, two rings, late 19th century could be 20th century, (BlankNorth96).   Three part officer button, coat size.
Ref: Albert GS.  Manufactured after the Civil War.  Variation in die patterns noted.

B6328     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, blank iron back with concentric rings, (23mm)
Manufactured after the Civil War.  Variation in die patterns noted.


Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, blank iron back with no rings, (20mm)
Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace.  Variation in die patterns noted.    Backmark:  Blank iron back, no rings, late 19th century could be 20th century, (BlankNorth97).   Three part officer button, coat size.
Ref: Albert GS.  Manufactured after the Civil War.  Variation in die patterns noted.

B6360     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, blank iron back with no rings, (20mm)
Manufactured after the Civil War.  Variation in die patterns noted.


Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, blank iron back with no rings, (15mm)
Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace.  Variation in die patterns noted.    Backmark:  Blank iron back, no rings, late 19th century could be 20th century, (BlankNorth97small).   Three part officer button, coat size.
Ref: Albert GS.  Manufactured after the Civil War.  Variation in die patterns noted.

B6388     Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, blank iron back with no rings, (15mm)
Manufactured after the Civil War.  Variation in die patterns noted.