The Civil War Relicman,
Harry Ridgeway.

Winchester, Virginia USA (changed hands 70 times in the Civil War!).

relicman.com.


Ridgeway Reference Archive, Civil War buttons.
Buttons from Louisiana.

This is the "Ridgeway Reference Archive", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader.   Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author.  None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale.  This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items.  I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. All  items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described.   Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission.    This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.



Louisiana button, state seal pelican on a lined field with rope border, Extra Rich, dm between rings, (22mm)
Button depicts
a pelican feeding her young on a lined field with a rope border, intended for Louisiana militia units.  Backmark:  "EXTRA / (star) (star) (star)  RICH (star) (star) (star)" dm between two rings of dots, Scovill manufactured ca 1860, (ExtraR02).  Two part convex button, coat size.
Ref: Albert LA2A2, Tice LA203A3.

B4840     Louisiana button, state seal pelican on a lined field with rope border, Extra Rich, dm between rings, (22mm)
B4840.jpg (42365 bytes) B4840B.jpg (40886 bytes) 

B5308     Louisiana button, state seal pelican on a lined field with rope border, Extra Rich, dm between rings, (22mm)

B6057     Louisiana button, state seal pelican on a lined field with rope border, Extra Rich, dm between rings, (22mm)
Dug button, recovered: Camp Heath Scotts Hill, Pender County North Carolina by Mickey Furr 1999.


Louisiana button, state seal pelican facing left on a lined field with rope border, Horstmann & Allien, dm inner rays, (22.7mm)
Button depicts
a pelican facing left on a lined field with a plain border, intended for Louisiana militia units.  This die was produced by Steele & Johnson before the war, subcontract for Horstmann.  Backmark:  "HORSTMANN & ALLIEN / (dot) NY (dot)" dm between two solid rings, inner ring of rays, rays are longer, Steele & Johnson produced ca 1860, (HorstmannA10).  Two part convex button, coat size.
Ref: Albert LA7A1, Tice LA223A1.

B4844     Louisiana button, state seal pelican facing left on a lined field with rope border, Horstmann & Allien, dm inner rays, (22.7mm)
B4844.jpg (41443 bytes) B4844B.jpg (37767 bytes) 

B4845     Louisiana button, state seal pelican facing left on a lined field with rope border, Horstmann & Allien, dm inner rays, (22.7mm)

B5750     Louisiana button, state seal pelican facing left on a lined field with rope border, Horstmann & Allien, dm inner rays, (22.7mm)
Dug button, recovered: Virginia Penninsula campaign, by Richard Coppock.

B6077     Louisiana button, state seal pelican facing left on a lined field with rope border, Horstmann & Allien, dm inner rays, (22.7mm)

B6412     Louisiana button, state seal pelican facing left on a lined field with rope border, Horstmann & Allien, dm inner rays, (22.7mm)


Louisiana button, state seal pelican facing left on a lined field with rope border, Horstmanns NY & Phi, dm between solid rings, (22.7mm)
Button depicts
a pelican facing left on a lined field with a plain border, intended for Louisiana militia units.  This die was probably produced by Steele & Johnson before the war, subcontract for Horstmann.  Backmark:  "HORSTMANN'S  / NY. & PHI. " dm between two rings of dots, ca 1860, (HorstmannWH27)Two part convex button, coat size.
Ref: Albert LA7A2, Tice LA223A2.

B4846     Louisiana button, state seal pelican facing left on a lined field with rope border, Horstmanns NY & PHi, dm between solid rings, (22.7mm)
B4846.jpg (36630 bytes) B4846B.jpg (34644 bytes)

B5309     Louisiana button, state seal pelican facing left on a lined field with rope border, Horstmanns NY & Phi, dm between solid rings, (22.7mm)
 

B5681     Louisiana button, state seal pelican facing left on a lined field with rope border, Horstmanns NY & Phi, dm between solid rings, (22.7mm)
Dug button, recovered: central Virginia not confirmed.


Louisiana button, state seal pelican on a lined field with plain border, Hyde & Goodrich, dm between rings, (21.8mm)
Button depicts a pelican feeding her young on a lined field with a plain border, intended for Louisiana militia units.  This die variant, (Albert LA3), produced by Scovill before the war, features a smooth border, and a pelican with slightly thicker wings and a larger nest.  Backmark:  "HYDE & GOODRICH / (dot) NEW ORLEANS (dot) " dm, inner ring of dots, Scovill produced ca 1860, (Hyde04)Two part convex button, coat size.
Ref: Albert LA3A, Tice LA204A2.

B4944     Louisiana button, state seal pelican on a lined field with plain border, Hyde & Goodrich, dm between rings, (21.8mm)
B4944.jpg (26040 bytes) B4944B.jpg (30915 bytes)

B5832     Louisiana button, state seal pelican on a lined field with plain border, Hyde & Goodrich, dm between rings, (21.8mm)
Dug button, recovered: Virginia Penninsula campaign, by Richard Coppock.


Louisiana button, state seal pelican on a lined field with plain border, Hyde & Goodrich, dm, (13.8mm)
Button depicts a pelican feeding her young on a lined field with a plain border, intended for Louisiana militia units.  This die variant, (Albert LA3), produced by Scovill before the war, features a smooth border, and a pelican with slightly thicker wings and a larger nest.  Backmark: "HYDE & GOODRICH / N-O" dm, manufactured by Scovill for Hyde & Goodrich, a New Orleans outfitter, backmark is only used in small size buttons, (Hyde05, small).   Two part convex button, hat or sleeve size.
Ref: Albert LA3A, Tice LA204As2.

B5269     Louisiana button, state seal pelican on a lined field with plain border, Hyde & Goodrich, dm, (13.8mm)
Dug button, recovered: Centreville, Virginia.


Louisiana button, state seal pelican on a lined field with a rope border, Scovill Mfg., dm between rings, (21.8mm)
Button depicts a pelican feeding her young on a lined field with a rope border, intended for Louisiana militia units.  This die variant, (Albert LA2), produced by Scovill before the war, features rope like border, and a pelican with slightly thinner wings and a smaller nest.  Backmark:  "SCOVILL. MF'G. CO. / (star) WATERBURY. (star) " dm between rings of dots, ca 1860's, (ScovillM340).  Two part convex button, coat size.
Ref: Albert LA2A1, Tice LA203A1.

B4336     Louisiana button, state seal pelican on a lined field with a rope border, Scovill Mfg., dm between rings, (21.8mm)

B4841     Louisiana button, state seal pelican on a lined field with a rope border, Scovill Mfg., dm between rings, (21.8mm)
B4841.jpg (44341 bytes) B4841B.jpg (47774 bytes) 


Louisiana button, state seal pelican facing left on a lined field with rope border, die variant smooth wing, Scovill Mfg., divided by stars, dm between rings, (22.5mm)
Button depicts
a pelican facing left on a lined field with a plain border, intended for Louisiana militia units.  This die variant, (Tice LA221), produced by Scovill before the war, features the right wing with feathers aligned smooth.  Backmark:  "SCOVILL. MF'G. CO. / (star) WATERBURY. (star) " dm between rings of dots, ca 1860's, (ScovillM340).  Two part convex button, coat size.
Ref: Albert LA6A1, TiceLA221A1.

B4842     Louisiana button, state seal pelican facing left on a lined field with rope border, die variant smooth wing, Scovill Mfg., divided by stars, dm between rings, (22.5mm)
 

B4843     Louisiana button, state seal pelican facing left on a lined field with rope border, die variant smooth wing, Scovill Mfg., divided by stars, dm between rings, (22.5mm)
B4843.jpg (42754 bytes) B4843B.jpg (43724 bytes) 

B6217     Louisiana button, state seal pelican facing left on a lined field with rope border, die variant smooth wing, Scovill Mfg., divided by stars, dm between rings, (22.5mm)
Dug button, recovered: not known.


Louisiana button, state seal pelican facing left on a lined field with rope border, die variant ruffled wing, Scovill Mfg., rmdc, (21.8mm)
Button depicts
a pelican facing left on a lined field with a plain border, intended for Louisiana militia units.  This die variant, (Tice LA220), produced by Scovill before the war, features the right wing with feathers slightly ruffled.  Backmark:  "SCOVILL MFG. CO / (dot) WATERBURY (dot)" rmdc ca 1850's, (ScovillM240).  Two part convex button, coat size.
Ref: Albert LA6A2, TiceLA220A4, with correction.

B6185     Louisiana button, state seal pelican facing left on a lined field with rope border, die variant ruffled wing, Scovill Mfg., rmdc, (21.8mm)
Dug button, recovered: Farmville, Virginia.


Louisiana button, state seal pelican facing left on a lined field with rope border, die variant ruffled wing, Scovill Mfg., divided by stars, dm between rings, (22.5mm)
Button depicts
a pelican facing left on a lined field with a plain border, intended for Louisiana militia units.  This die variant, (Tice LA220), produced by Scovill before the war, features the right wing with feathers slightly ruffled.  Backmark:  "SCOVILL. MF'G. CO. / (star) WATERBURY. (star) " dm between rings of dots, ca 1860's, (ScovillM340).  Two part convex button, coat size.
Ref: Albert LA6, not listed TiceLA220A6.

B4947     Louisiana button, state seal pelican facing left on a lined field with rope border, die variant ruffled wing, Scovill Mfg., divided by stars, dm between rings, (22.5mm)
B4947.jpg (28994 bytes) B4947B.jpg (30672 bytes) 


Louisiana button, state seal pelican facing left on a lined field with rope border, Scovill Mfg. Co, dm, (13.7mm)
Button depicts the state seal of Louisiana, a pelican feeding her young, intended for troops from Louisiana units.  Backmark:  "SCOVILL. / MFG. CO." dm no rings, used in small size only, ca 1860, (ScovillM420, small).  Two part convex button, hat or sleeve size. 
Ref: Albert LA6, Tice LA220As5.

B5495     Louisiana button, state seal pelican facing left on a lined field with rope border, Scovill Mfg. Co, dm, (13.7mm)
Dug button, recovered: not known. 


Louisiana button, state seal pelican on a plain field without border, plain back with ring of dots, (16mm)
Button depicts
a pelican feeding her young on a plain field without a border, intended for Louisiana militia units.    Backmark: blank back, ring of dots, dm, maker not identified, (BlankNorth11, small)Two part convex button, hat or sleeve size, gilded.
Ref: Albert LA4 not listed, Tice LA210Am3.

B5833     Louisiana button, state seal pelican on a plain field without border, plain back with ring of dots, (16mm)
Dug button, recovered: not known.


Louisiana button, state seal pelican facing left on a lined field with rope border, blank back, (13.8mm)
Button depicts the state seal of Louisiana, a pelican feeding her young, intended for troops from Louisiana units.  Backmark:  blank back, with a well around the shank, small size only, maker not known, ca 1860's, (BlankNorth16, small).  Two part convex button, hat or sleeve size. 
Ref: Albert LA7, Tice LA223As1.5.

B5802     Louisiana button, state seal pelican facing left on a lined field with rope border, blank back, (13.8mm)
Dug button, recovered: Brandy Station, Virginia, by Paul Irvin.
Old Court House Civil War Museum collection.


Louisiana button, state seal pelican with head to the right on a lined field, southern wartime manufacture, C. Bellenot, (21.7mm)
Button depicts a pelican feeding her young, intended for troops of Louisiana, southern wartime manufacture.  This design was copied from a similar pre-war version.  Backmark: "C. BELLENOT. / (star) N. O. (star) ", rm letters do not bear serifs, southern wartime manufacture by C. Bellenot, New Orleans, (Bellenot01).   Two part convex button, coat size, crudely stamped and assembled southern "local", backmark stamping is usually very weak.
Ref: Albert LA8A, as corrected, Tice LA249A1.

B5897     Louisiana button, state seal pelican with head to the right on a lined field, southern wartime manufacture, C. Bellenot, (21.7mm)


Louisiana button, state seal pelican with head to the right on a lined field, (die pattern F), southern wartime manufacture, blank with depressed channel, (21.8mm)
Button depicts a pelican feeding her young, intended for troops of Louisiana, southern wartime manufacture.  Backmark:  blank depressed rounded channel, narrow area around shank with some variance of dimension, depressed well usually around the shank, copper or wire wire shank was fitted only and not brazed and is usually loose, likely the product of C Rouyer, New Orleans, (BlankSouthern340).  Two part convex button, coat size, crudely stamped and assembled southern "local".
Ref: Albert LA8F, Tice LA249F1.

B5310     Louisiana button, state seal pelican with head to the right on a lined field, (die pattern F), southern wartime manufacture, blank with depressed channel, (21.8mm)


Louisiana button, state seal pelican side view, southern wartime manufacture, puffed back, (24.3mm)
Button depicts a pelican feeding her young, intended for troops of Louisiana, southern wartime manufacture.  This pattern features pelican with side view, on plain field with pronounced border, button back is convex, or "puffback".  Backmark:  blank back, back is convex, "puffback", weak outer channel gives impression of rings, likely the product of one of the New Orleans producers, (BlankSouthern301).   Two part convex button, coat size, crudely stamped and assembled southern "local".
Ref. Albert LA12, Tice LA266A1.

B5736     Louisiana button, state seal pelican side view, southern wartime manufacture, puffed back, (24.3mm)
Dug button, recovered: Fredericksburg, Virginia.